Contents
2022
Volume: 20 Issue 1
33 Article(s)

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Research Articles
Biophotonics
Sample entropy analysis of laser speckle fluctuations to suppress motion artifact on blood flow monitoring | Editors' Pick
Sungchul Kim, Evgenii Kim, Eloise Anguluan, and Jae Gwan Kim
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Nov. 18, 2021
  • Vol.20 Issue, 1 011702 (2022)
Diffraction, Gratings, and Holography
Holographic visualization of volume data based on adjustable ray to optical-wave conversion
Xin Zhao, Xinzhu Sang, Hui Li, Duo Chen, Yuanhang Li, Cheng Peng, and Binbin Yan
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Sep. 23, 2021
  • Vol.20 Issue, 1 010501 (2022)
Dynamically taming focal fields of femtosecond lasers for fabricating microstructures
Meng-Qiang Cai, Qiang Wang, Cheng-Hou Tu, Yong-Nan Li, and Hui-Tian Wang
Micromachining based on femtosecond lasers usually requires accurate control of the sample movement, which may be very complex and costly. Therefore, the exploration of micromachining without sample movement is valuable. Herein, we have illustrated the manipulation of optical fields by controlling the polarization or phase to vary periodically and then realized certain focal traces by real-time loading of the computer-generated holograms (CGHs) on the spatial light modulator. The focal trace is composed of many discrete focal spots, which are generated experimentally by using the real-time dynamically controlled CGHs. With the designed focal traces, various microstructures such as an ellipse, a Chinese character “Nan”, and an irregular quadrilateral grid structure are fabricated in the z-cut LiNbO3 wafers, showing good qualities in terms of continuity and homogeneity. Our method proposes a movement free solution for micromachining samples and completely abandons the high precision stage and complex movement control, making microstructure fabrication more flexible, stable, and cheaper.
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Oct. 12, 2021
  • Vol.20 Issue, 1 010502 (2022)
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications
Harmonic mode-locked fiber laser based on microfiber-assisted nonlinear multimode interference
Renyan Wang, Liang Jin, Jiazhu Wang, Shangzhi Xie, Xiaohui Li, Yingtian Xu, He Zhang, Xin Zhao, and Xiaohui Ma
A novel harmonic mode-locked fiber laser based on nonlinear multimode interference (NL-MMI) in a microfiber-assisted ultrafast optical switch is proposed in this Letter. The microfiber-assisted ultrafast optical switch can be obtained by tapering the splicing point of the graded-index multimode fiber (GIMF) and single-mode fiber, which not only helps to shorten the self-imaging period in GIMF to relax the strict requirement of NL-MMI on the length of multimode fiber, but also improves the harmonic order. In the experiment, with the waist diameter of ∼15 µm, the repetition rates of the fiber laser can be stably locked at 285 MHz, corresponding to the 16th-order harmonic mode-locking, with the pulse duration of 1.52 ps. Our results provide novel insight into the design of a high-repetition-rate laser and the application of microfibers in the mode-locking device.
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Oct. 12, 2021
  • Vol.20 Issue, 1 010601 (2022)
Spectrally U-shaped profile of beam propagation factor in all-solid photonic bandgap fiber
Xiao Chen, Liangjin Huang, Yi An, Huan Yang, Zhiping Yan, Yisha Chen, Xiaoming Xi, Zhiyong Pan, and Pu Zhou
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Nov. 25, 2021
  • Vol.20 Issue, 1 010602 (2022)
Imaging Systems and Image Processing
Derivative ghost imaging
Zhe Yang, Kexin Huang, Machi Zhang, Dong Ruan, and Junlin Li
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Oct. 08, 2021
  • Vol.20 Issue, 1 011101 (2022)
Infrared and Terahertz Photonics
Ultrafast all-optical switching of dual-band plasmon-induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials
Hao Sun, Jianghua Zhang, Yuhua Tang, Hengzhu Liu, Jie Yang, and Xin Zheng
An active ultrafast formation and modulation of dual-band plasmon-induced transparency (PIT) effect is theoretically and experimentally studied in a novel metaphotonic device operating in the terahertz regime, for the first time, to the best of our knowledge. Specifically, we designed and fabricated a triatomic metamaterial hybridized with silicon islands following a newly proposed modulating mechanism. In this mechanism, a localized surface plasmon resonance is induced by the broken symmetry of a C2 structure, acting as the quasi-dark mode. Excited by exterior laser pumps, the photo-induced carriers in silicon promote the quasi-dark mode, which shields the near-field coupling between the dark mode and bright mode supported by the triatomic metamaterial, leading to the dynamical modulation of terahertz waves from individual-band into dual-band PIT effects, with a decay constant of 493 ps. Moreover, a remarkable slow light effect occurs in the modulating process, accompanied by the dual-transparent windows. The dynamical switching technique of the dual-band PIT effect introduced in this work highlights the potential usefulness of this metaphotonic device in optical information processing and communication, including multi-frequency filtering, tunable sensors, and optical storage.
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Oct. 08, 2021
  • Vol.20 Issue, 1 013701 (2022)
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Optical Sensing
Design of a real-time fiber-optic infrared imaging system with wide-angle and large depth of field
Xing Peng, and Lingbao Kong
A key limitation in the observation of instruments used in operations and heart sutures during a procedure is the scattering and absorption during optical imaging in the presence of blood. Therefore, we propose a novel real-time fiber-optic infrared imaging system simultaneously capturing a flexible wide field of view (FOV) and large depth of field infrared image in real time. The assessment criteria for imaging quality of the objective and coupling lens have been optimized and evaluated. Furthermore, the feasibility of manufacturing and assembly has been demonstrated with tolerance sensitivity and the Monte Carlo analysis. The simulated results show that the optical system can achieve a large working distance of 8 to 25 mm, a wide FOV of 120°, and the relative illuminance is over 0.98 in the overall FOV. To achieve high imaging quality in the proposed system, the modulation transfer function is over 0.661 at 16.7 lp/mm for a 320×256 short wavelength infrared camera sensor with a pixel size of 30 µm.
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Sep. 28, 2021
  • Vol.20 Issue, 1 011201 (2022)
Ultrasensitive liquid level sensor based on slice-shaped composite long period fiber grating
Xiren Jin, Zeju Rui, Zihang Xiang, Chupeng Lu, Shuo Zhang, Xian Xu, Mingyang Lü, Yiwei Ma, Cuiting Sun, Xinghua Yang, Tao Geng, Weimin Sun, and Libo Yuan
In this paper, a novel liquid level sensor with ultra-high sensitivity is proposed. The proposed sensor is configured by a slice-shaped composite long period fiber grating (SSC-LPFG). The SSC-LPFG is prepared by polishing two opposite sides of a composite multimode–single-mode–multimode fiber structure using a CO2 laser. The method improves the sensitivity of the sensor to external environment. Based on the simulation calculation, a liquid level sensor with a length of 3 mm is designed. The experimental transmission spectrum agrees well with the simulation result. The experimental results show that the sensitivity reaches 7080 pm/mm in the liquid level range of 0–1400 μm in water. The temperature sensitivity is 24.52 pm/°C in the range of 20°C–90°C. Due to the ultra-high sensitivity, good linearity, and compact structure, the SSC-LPFG has potential application in the field of high-precision liquid level measurement.
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Oct. 26, 2021
  • Vol.20 Issue, 1 011202 (2022)
Analysis and suppression of thermal effect of an ultra-stable laser interferometer for space-based gravitational waves detection
Guanfang Wang, Zhu Li, Jialing Huang, Huizong Duan, Xiangqing Huang, Hongfan Liu, Qi Liu, Shanqing Yang, Liangcheng Tu, and Hsien-Chi Yeh
In this paper, we present a suppression method for the thermal drift of an ultra-stable laser interferometer. The detailed analysis on the Michelson interferometer indicates that the change in optical path length induced by temperature variation can be effectively reduced by choosing proper thickness and/or incident angle of a compensator. Taking the optical bench of the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna Pathfinder as an example, we analyze the optical bench model with a compensator and show that the temperature coefficient of this laser interferometer can be reduced down to 1 pm/K with an incident angle of 0.267828 rad. The method presented in this paper can be used in the design of ultra-stable laser interferometers, especially for space-based gravitational waves detection.
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Oct. 26, 2021
  • Vol.20 Issue, 1 011203 (2022)
Integrated Optics
Thermal-optic tuning cascaded double ring optical sensor based on wavelength interrogation
Yanlu Wang, Zhiping Yang, Mingyu Li, Jian-Jun He, and Qiushun Li
Based on the Vernier effect of the cascaded double ring resonator (CDRR) sensor, a sensor consisting of a microfluidic control system, a sensing ring, and a reference ring with a micro-heater for thermal tuning is proposed in this paper. In wavelength interrogation, a broadband spectrometer or a large tunable range laser is not required. The shift of the output spectrum caused by the refractive index change of the sample is converted into the change of the electric power by the thermal tuning heater. Due to the Vernier effect, the sensitivity of the sensor is 20 times higher than that of the single ring. The spectral envelope of the thermal-optic tuning of the sensor was fitted by a Gaussian function in the wavelength range of 8 nm. The experimental results showed that the sensitivity was 33.703 W/RIU, and the limit of detection was 1.34×10-5 RIU.
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Sep. 22, 2021
  • Vol.20 Issue, 1 011301 (2022)
Efficient silicon integrated four-mode edge coupler for few-mode fiber coupling
Junbo Zhu, Haiyang Huang, Yingxuan Zhao, Yang Li, Zhen Sheng, and Fuwan Gan
Here, we designed a broadband, low loss, compact, and fabrication-tolerant silicon-based four-mode edge coupler, composed of a 1×3 adiabatic mode-evolution counter-taper splitter and a triple-tip inverse taper. Based on mode conversion and power splitting, the proposed structure can simultaneously realize efficient mode coupling from TE0, TM0, TE1, and TM1 modes of multimode silicon waveguides to linearly polarized (LP), LP01,x, LP01,y, LP11a,x, and LP11a,y, modes in the few-mode fiber. To the best of our knowledge, we proposed the first scheme of four LP modes coupling, which is fully compatible with standard fabrication process. The 3D finite-difference time-domain simulation results show that the on-chip conversion losses of the four modes remain lower than 0.62 dB over the 200 nm wavelength range, and total coupling losses are 4.1 dB, 5.1 dB, 2.1 dB, and 2.9 dB for TE0-to-LP01,x, TM0-to-LP01,y, TE1-to-LP11a,x, and TM1-to-LP11a,y, respectively. Good fabrication tolerance and relaxed critical dimensions make the four-mode edge coupler compatible with standard fabrication process of commercial silicon photonic foundries.
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Sep. 23, 2021
  • Vol.20 Issue, 1 011302 (2022)
Lasers, Optical Amplifiers, and Laser Optics
Tunable and wavelength interval precisely controlled erbium-doped fiber laser by employing the fused taper technology
Qi Zhao, Li Pei, Zuliang Ruan, Jingjing Zheng, Jianshuai Wang, Min Tang, Jing Li, and Tigang Ning
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Oct. 08, 2021
  • Vol.20 Issue, 1 011402 (2022)
High-power and high-efficiency 4.3 µm ZGP-OPO
Feifei Wang, Jiatong Li, Xiaohui Sun, Bingzheng Yan, Hongkun Nie, Xun Li, Kejian Yang, Baitao Zhang, and Jingliang He
In this paper, a high-power and high-efficiency 4.3 µm mid-infrared (MIR) optical parametric oscillator (OPO) based on ZnGeP2 (ZGP) crystal is demonstrated. An acousto-optically Q-switched Ho:Y3Al5O12 laser operating at 2.1 µm with a maximum average output power of 35 W and pulse width of 38 ns at a repetition rate of 15 kHz is established and employed as the pump source. A doubly resonant OPO is designed and realized with the total MIR output power of 13.27 W, including the signal and idler output power of 2.65 W at 4.07 µm and 10.62 W at 4.3 µm. The corresponding total optical-to-optical and slope efficiencies are 37.9% and 67.1%, respectively. The shortest pulse width, beam quality factor, and output power instability are measured to be 36 ns, Mx2=1.8, My2=2.0, and RMS1.9% at 8 h, respectively. Our results pave a way for designing high-power and high-efficiency 4–5 µm MIR laser sources.
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Sep. 21, 2021
  • Vol.20 Issue, 1 011403 (2022)
Mode-locked fiber laser of 3.5 µm using a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber mirror
Jincheng Wei, Peng Li, Linpeng Yu, Shuangchen Ruan, Keyi Li, Peiguang Yan, Jiachen Wang, Jinzhang Wang, Chunyu Guo, Wenjun Liu, Ping Hua, and Qitao Lü
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Nov. 12, 2021
  • Vol.20 Issue, 1 011404 (2022)
High-power broadband supercontinuum generation through a simple narrow-bandwidth FBGs-based fiber laser cavity
Song Zhang, Man Jiang, Can Li, Rongtao Su, Pu Zhou, and Zongfu Jiang
The generation of supercontinuum (SC) often requires ultrashort pulsed lasers with high peak power and gain media with large nonlinear coefficients, such as a long piece of fiber or photonic crystal fiber. In this Letter, we propose and demonstrate that high-power SC can be generated through a simple narrow-bandwidth fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs)-based laser cavity without any modulation, based on the mechanism of intense nonlinear effects induced by the inherent self-pulsation generated inside the cavity. In the experiment, an ∼80 W SC laser with the spectrum range from 600 nm to 1600 nm was achieved. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report about SC generation through a simple fiber laser cavity. This work enriches the research content of SC and provides a cost-effective method for high-power SC lasers.
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Dec. 16, 2021
  • Vol.20 Issue, 1 011405 (2022)
Light-matter Interaction
Miniature optical force levitation system
Junji Pu, Kai Zeng, Yulie Wu, and Dingbang Xiao
Optical levitation technology is a new levitation technology for trapping micro/nano-particles. By taking advantage of the mechanical effect of light, it has the characteristics of non-contact and high sensitivity. However, the traditional optical levitation system is large in volume, complex in adjustment, and greatly affected by the external environment. Herein, a miniature optical levitation system based on a laser diode, miniature lenses, and a micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS) particles cavity is proposed. First, we analyze the output spot characteristics of the laser diode. Being compared the characteristics of different kinds of laser diodes, the type, wavelength, and power of diodes in the levitation system are determined. Then, the micro-particles cavity is fabricated based on the MEMS process. The MEMS process is widely used in the manufacturing of micro-electronic devices because of its advantages of small size, high precision, and easy mass production. The particle cavity processed in this way can not only ensure the advantage of small volume, but also possesses high processing repeatability. The volume of the entire package including the light source, focusing lenses, and MEMS cavity is just Φ 10 mm×33 mm, which is the smallest optical levitation system reported, to the best of our knowledge. After the entire levitation system is designed and set up, one silica particle of 10 µm diameter is stably trapped in the atmospheric environment. Finally, the micro-displacement and vibration signal are detected by a four-quadrant photoelectric detector to evaluate the stiffness of the optical levitation system.
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Sep. 23, 2021
  • Vol.20 Issue, 1 013801 (2022)
Nanosecond laser-induced controllable periodical surface structures on silicon
Lei Chen, Zelin Liu, Chuan Guo, Tongcheng Yu, Minsun Chen, Zhongjie Xu, Hao Liu, Guomin Zhao, and Kai Han
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Nov. 17, 2021
  • Vol.20 Issue, 1 013802 (2022)
Microwave Photonics
In-band intermodulation induced by transient response of erbium-doped fiber amplifier
Guanghao Shao, Xingwei Ye, Guoqiang Zhang, Yuqi Tan, Jiquan Zhai, and Yuhao Yang
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Oct. 26, 2021
  • Vol.20 Issue, 1 013901 (2022)
Nanophotonics, Metamaterials, and Plasmonics
Broadband achromatic polarization insensitive metalens over 950 nm bandwidth in the visible and near-infrared
Peng Sun, Mengdie Zhang, Fengliang Dong, Liefeng Feng, and Weiguo Chu
Metalenses are expected to play an increasingly important role in miniaturized and integrated optical imaging components/systems. However, devising broadband achromatic metalenses with high focusing efficiencies is still quite challenging. In this work, we proposed an aperture-shared partition phase cooperative manipulation approach for designing a high-efficiency broadband achromatic metalens composed of two concentric sub-metalenses. As a proof-of-concept, an achromatic polarization-independent metalens is successfully designed for the visible and near-infrared range from 450 nm to 1400 nm with the focusing efficiency over 70% for the wavelength range of 600 nm to 1400 nm. The approach reported here provides a possibility for designing a high-performance metalens, which has great potential applications in integrated optics.
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Oct. 08, 2021
  • Vol.20 Issue, 1 013601 (2022)
A VO2 film-based multifunctional metasurface in the terahertz band
Ziyu Liu, Limei Qi, Feng Lan, Chuwen Lan, Jun Yang, and Xiang Tao
We proposed a multifunctional terahertz metasurface based on a double L-shaped pattern and a vanadium dioxide (VO2) film separated by polyimide. When the VO2 film is an insulator, a dual-band electromagnetically induced transparency effect is obtained, and the physical mechanism is investigated based on the current distribution and “two-particle” model. When the VO2 film is a metal, a dual-band linear-to-circular polarization converter, in which the y-polarized linear wave can be effectively converted to left-handed circularly polarized (LCP) and right-handed circularly polarized simultaneously in different bands, can be achieved. By arranging the metal pattern rotating 30°, a multifunctional antenna can be obtained. When the VO2 is an insulator, the radiation of the LCP wave is divided into four beams, with two beams reflected and two beams transmitted. When the VO2 is in the metallic state, we can only get the co-polarized reflected wave with a 21° angle. Moreover, in our design, the VO2 film does not need lithography to obtain certain patterns, which improves the convenience of fabrication and experiment. Our design opens a new way for the development of multifunctional terahertz devices and has potential applications in the terahertz communication field.
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Nov. 17, 2021
  • Vol.20 Issue, 1 013602 (2022)
Nonlinear Optics
Effect of concentration on the formation time of diffraction rings in spatial self-phase modulation
Yilin He, Jingdi Zhang, Si Xiao, Yingwei Wang, and Jun He
A new unsaturated wind-chime model is proposed for calculating the formation time of the diffraction rings induced by spatial self-phase modulation (SSPM) in molybdenum disulfide suspension. To optimize the traditional wind-chime model, the concentration variable of 2D materials was introduced. The results of the unsaturated wind-chime model match quite well with the SSPM experimental results of molybdenum disulfide. Based on this model, the shortest formation time of diffraction rings and their corresponding concentration and light intensity can be predicted using limited data. Theoretically, by increasing the viscosity coefficient of the solution, the response time of the diffraction ring, to reach the maximum value, can be significantly reduced. It has advanced significance in shortening the response time of photonic diodes.
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Sep. 17, 2021
  • Vol.20 Issue, 1 011901 (2022)
Lithium niobate microring with ultra-high Q factor above 108 | On the Cover
Renhong Gao, Ni Yao, Jianglin Guan, Li Deng, Jintian Lin, Min Wang, Lingling Qiao, Wei Fang, and Ya Cheng
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Nov. 04, 2021
  • Vol.20 Issue, 1 011902 (2022)
Optical Design and Fabrication
Theoretical and experimental analysis of second order Bragg resonance of 45° TFG and its fiber laser application | Editors' Pick
Qingguo Song, Bolin Ye, Xiangpeng Xiao, Chengjun Huang, Chengbo Mou, Zhijun Yan, and Lin Zhang
We report the observation of second order Bragg resonance (2nd-OBG) produced by tilted fiber gratings (TFGs) fabricated using phase mask UV inscription. The theoretical analysis has revealed that the generation of high order Bragg resonance of gratings is induced by a square-shape refractive index profile, which is caused by over-saturated UV exposure. In the experiment, we have studied the TFGs with different tilt angles under over-saturated UV exposure, in which all gratings have showed the 2nd-OBR, and the larger tilt angle of the grating has the stronger 2nd-OBR. When the tilt angle of the grating is ∼45°, the Bragg resonance exhibits very strong polarization dependence, because the 2nd-OBR wavelength is located within the polarizing bandwidth of 45° TFG. Finally, we have demonstrated an erbium-doped fiber laser with >99.9% degree of polarization, and, by applying mechanical stretching on the grating, a wavelength tunable laser output has been achieved. The output laser shows ∼0.2 dB amplitude variation within 1 h continuous monitoring of the laser.
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Oct. 08, 2021
  • Vol.20 Issue, 1 012201 (2022)
Bioinspired lenses from cats’ eyes
Shuwen Xue, Chuanjie Hu, Miao Zhang, and Huanyang Chen
It is well known that cats have fascinating eyes with various colors, such as green, blue, and brown. In addition, they possess strong night vision ability, which can distinguish things clearly even in a poor light environment. These drive us to reveal the secrets behind them. In fact, cats’ eyes can be considered as special lenses (which we would like to mimic by using a Luneburg lens). We make an analysis of the role of photonic crystals behind the lens and demonstrate that the integration of photonic crystals into Luneburg lens can be regarded as a retroreflector and greatly improve the light focusing intensity of the lens in a broad band of frequencies. This wonderful bioinspired phenomenon is expected to design more interesting and serviceable devices by combining photonic crystals with transformation optics.
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Oct. 08, 2021
  • Vol.20 Issue, 1 012202 (2022)
Optical Materials
Post-treatment of 351 nm SiO2 antireflective coatings for high power laser systems prepared by the sol-gel method
Bin Shen, Huai Xiong, Xu Zhang, Zhiya Chen, Xiangyang Pang, Yajing Guo, Chengjie Liang, and Haiyuan Li
Different post-treatment processes involving the use of ammonia and hexamethyldisilazane (HMDS) were explored for application to 351 nm third harmonic generation SiO2 antireflective (3ωSiO2 AR) coatings for high power laser systems prepared by the sol-gel method. According to experimental analysis, the 3ωSiO2 AR coatings that were successively post-treated with ammonia and HMDS at 150°C for 48 h and again heat-treated at 180°C for 2 h (N/H 150 + 180 AR) were relatively better. There were relatively fewer changes in the optical properties of the N/H 150 + 180 AR coating under a humid and polluted environment, and the increase in defect density was slow in high humidity environments. The laser-induced damage threshold of the N/H 150 + 180 AR coating reached 15.83 J/cm2 (355 nm, 6.8 ns), a value that meets the basic requirements of high power laser systems.
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Oct. 08, 2021
  • Vol.20 Issue, 1 011601 (2022)
Chemically engineered dendrite growth of uniform monolayers MoS2 for enhanced photoluminescence [Invited] | Editors' Pick
Huanhuan Su, Huizhen Zhang, Wenjing Wu, Xiang Wang, Guanghou Wang, and Lin Zhou
Large area and uniform monolayer MoS2 is of great importance for optoelectronic devices but is commonly suffering from rather weak photoluminescence. Here, by engineering the concentration profiles of gaseous chemicals through extra trace amounts of water, we demonstrate the uniform dendrite-type growth of monolayer MoS2 unraveled by spatially resolved fluorescence spectroscopy, which exhibits macroscopic monolayer flakes (up to centimeter scale) with photoluminescence intensity of orders of magnitude higher than conventional chemical vapor deposition monolayer MoS2. Both spectroscopic evidence and theoretical models reveal that the fast-fractal dendrite growth can be ascribed to the extra introduced water sources that generate sufficient aqueous gas around the S-poor regions nearby the central-axis zone, leading to highly efficient Mo sources transport, accelerated S atom corrosion nearby grain edges, and/or defect sites, as well as enhanced photoemission intensity. Our results may provide new insight for high throughput fabrication of MoS2 monolayers with high yield photoluminescence efficiency.
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Nov. 17, 2021
  • Vol.20 Issue, 1 011602 (2022)
Physical Optics
Vortex beam: generation and detection of orbital angular momentum [Invited] | Editors' Pick
Yihua Bai, Haoran Lv, Xin Fu, and Yuanjie Yang
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Nov. 04, 2021
  • Vol.20 Issue, 1 012601 (2022)
Quantum Optics and Quantum Information
Nonreciprocal transmission of multi-band optical signals in thermal atomic systems
Shengfa Fan, Yihong Qi, Yueping Niu, and Shangqing Gong
Multi-band signal propagation and processing play an important role in quantum communications and quantum computing. In recent years, optical nonreciprocal devices such as an optical isolator and circulator are proposed via various configurations of atoms, metamaterials, nonlinear waveguides, etc. In this work, we investigate all-optical controlled nonreciprocity of multi-band optical signals in thermal atomic systems. Via introducing multiple strong coupling fields, nonreciprocal propagation of the probe field can happen at some separated frequency bands, which results from combination of the electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) effect and atomic thermal motion. In the proposed configuration, the frequency shift resulting from atomic thermal motion takes converse effect on the probe field in the two opposite directions. In this way, the probe field can propagate almost transparently within some frequency bands of EIT windows in the opposite direction of the coupling fields. However, it is well blocked within the considered frequency region in the same direction of the coupling fields because of destruction of the EIT. Such selectable optical nonreciprocity and isolation for discrete signals may be greatly useful in controlling signal transmission and realizing selective optical isolation functions.
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Nov. 11, 2021
  • Vol.20 Issue, 1 012701 (2022)
Visual Optics and Displays
Passive patterned polymer dispersed liquid crystal transparent display
Jing Yan, Xiangwen Fan, Yifan Liu, Ying Yu, Yuming Fang, and Ruo-Zhou Li
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Oct. 08, 2021
  • Vol.20 Issue, 1 013301 (2022)

About the Cover

The ultra-high Q lithium-niobate-on-insulator (LNOI) microring resonator prepared by femtosecond laser lithography assisted chemical mechanical polishing, possesses a Q factor as high as 1.08×108, which corresponds to the propagation loss of waveguide of only ∼ 0.34 dB /m. These low-loss LNOI photonic devices show great potentials for highly efficient nonlinear optical conversion, high-speed information processing, and large-scale photonic integration on LNOI wafer.