Contents
2022
Volume: 4 Issue 1
2 Article(s)

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Reviews
White-light emission from organic aggregates: a review
Jianyu Zhang, Xueqian Zhao, Hanchen Shen, Jacky W. Y. Lam, Haoke Zhang, and Ben Zhong Tang
White light, which contains polychromic visible components, affects the rhythm of organisms and has the potential for advanced applications of lighting, display, and communication. Compared with traditional incandescent bulbs and inorganic diodes, pure organic materials are superior in terms of better compatibility, flexibility, structural diversity, and environmental friendliness. In the past few years, polychromic emission has been obtained based on organic aggregates, which provides a platform to achieve white-light emission. Several white-light emitters are sporadically reported, but the underlying mechanistic picture is still not fully established. Based on these considerations, we will focus on the single-component and multicomponent strategies to achieve efficient white-light emission from pure organic aggregates. Thereinto, single-component strategy is introduced from four parts: dual fluorescence, fluorescence and phosphorescence, dual phosphorescence with anti-Kasha’s behavior, and clusteroluminescence. Meanwhile, doping, supramolecular assembly, and cocrystallization are summarized as strategies for multicomponent systems. Beyond the construction strategies of white-light emitters, their advanced representative applications, such as organic light-emitting diodes, white luminescent dyes, circularly polarized luminescence, and encryption, are also prospected. It is expected that this review will draw a comprehensive picture of white-light emission from organic aggregates as well as their emerging applications.
Advanced Photonics
  • Publication Date: Jan. 04, 2022
  • Vol.4 Issue, 1 014001 (2022)
Research Articles
Label-free fiber nanograting sensor for real-time in situ early monitoring of cellular apoptosis
Danran Li, Nina Wang, Tianyang Zhang, Guangxing Wu, Yifeng Xiong, Qianqian Du, Yunfei Tian, Weiwei Zhao, Jiandong Ye, Shulin Gu, Yanqing Lu, Dechen Jiang, and Fei Xu
The achievement of functional nanomodules for subcellular label-free measurement has long been pursued in order to fully understand cellular functions. Here, a compact label-free nanosensor based on a fiber taper and zinc oxide nanogratings is designed and applied for the early monitoring of apoptosis in individual living cells. Because of its nanoscale dimensions, mechanical flexibility, and minimal cytotoxicity to cells, the sensing module can be loaded in cells for long term in situ tracking with high sensitivity. A gradual increase in the nuclear refractive index during the apoptosis process is observed, revealing the increase in molecular density and the decrease in cell volume. The strategy used in our study not only contributes to the understanding of internal environmental variations during cellular apoptosis but also provides a new platform for nonfluorescent fiber devices for investigation of cellular events and understanding fundamental cell biochemical engineering.
Advanced Photonics
  • Publication Date: Jan. 10, 2022
  • Vol.4 Issue, 1 016001 (2022)

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