• Journal of Resources and Ecology
  • Vol. 11, Issue 6, 06000617 (2020)
LIU Qingqing1 and YU Hu2、*
Author Affiliations
  • 1College of Tourism and Exhibition, Henan University of Economics and Law, Zhengzhou 450000, China
  • 2Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
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    DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2020.06.009 Cite this Article
    Qingqing LIU, Hu YU. Functional Zoning Mode and Management Measures of Qianjiangyuan National Park based on Ecological Sensitivity Evaluation[J]. Journal of Resources and Ecology, 2020, 11(6): 617 Copy Citation Text show less

    Abstract

    Functional zoning is an important guarantee for regulating the land use intensity of national parks and maintaining the integrity and stability of natural ecosystem. In this paper, we tease out of the functional zoning models and methods based on the empirical analysis of the world national parks, and then take the Qianjiangyuan National Park (QNP) as an example, study the functional zoning method based on ecological sensitivity. Results show that, the goal of national park construction in the world is changing from enhancing national cohesion to displaying the national image, from the pure natural protection and recreation use to protection of the comprehensive function of natural ecosystem integrity protection, recreation, environmental education, etc. The establishment of QNP is to protect the natural ecosystem of sub-tropical lowland broad-leaved evergreen forest, also to meet the community development and recreational consume of large population in Eastern China. So this paper establishes an evaluation index system based on ecological sensitivity, combining ecosystem services, potential habitats of important species, and development opportunities. Based on the analysis result, the functional zoning of QNP can be divided into strict protection area, ecological conservation area, traditional using area and recreational area. In this way, it can make the functional partition reflect system controls thought in area difference and space layout, and take the corresponding management measures in different functional areas, to promote the sustainable evolution of the natural ecological system in national park.

    1 Introduction

    Zoning is an effective way to achieve regional planning and construction as well as standardized management. The designation of national parks is a conservation technique employed worldwide, and building national parks is an indispensable part of China’s 13th five-year ecological civilization construction plan. In order to guarantee the sustainable development of national parks, managers usually introduce zoning according to the regional characteristics of the natural ecological system. This approach can control the use of natural resources and land utilization type, alleviate any conflict between different interest groups, and protect the integrity and biodiversity of the natural ecological systems. It thereby provides an institutional guarantee of conservation and recreational use of the parks (Wang, 2000; Liu 2001; Paul et al., 2005). The functional zoning of national parks requires a systematic design to ensure the conservation and sustainable use of natural ecosystems. This is important to enable the national park to protect representative national samples of natural wilderness landscapes and native plants and animals in the ecosystem. The zoning supports various ecological and social service functions, including natural resources and biodiversity protection, as well as the enjoyment of natural landscapes, entertainment and recreation, scientific research and education, and community development (Dearden, 1993; Zhang and Li, 2006; Luo, 2013). In addition, a national park can provide a place in which to carry out scientific research, environmental education, and ecological recreation activities (Chen et al., 2014). A park’s main goal is to protect the integrity of natural ecosystems, biodiversity, and beautiful landscapes to facilitate recreational activities and increase the community’s quality of life.

    Copy Citation Text
    Qingqing LIU, Hu YU. Functional Zoning Mode and Management Measures of Qianjiangyuan National Park based on Ecological Sensitivity Evaluation[J]. Journal of Resources and Ecology, 2020, 11(6): 617
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