Rapid industrialization and urbanization have promoted China’s fast economic growth and sustained social prosperity in the past three decades, which caused a large amount of consumption of resources and environment. Meanwhile, the problem of resources and environment in the context of global change has become a common one faced by all countries around the world. How to correctly handle the relationship between economic development and ecological environment has also become the focus of academic and international political attention (Jin et al., 2017; Tsai et al., 2018; Zhang et al., 2018; Jin et al., 2019; Li et al., 2019). Urban expansion has generated economic developments along urban waterfronts, but this has also led to the shrinkage of the original wetland, which plays an important role in regulating climate, purifying wastewater, and preserving biodiversity (Cuffney et al., 2010; Li et al., 2018; Sahana et al., 2018). As one of the most important features of the urban water environment, urban lakes experience many environmental problems (Niu et al., 2015; Zeng et al., 2013; Li et al., 2013). The dynamic conflicts between the changes in water bodies and urbanization have led to significant changes in riparian environments, with the interpretation of these changes often being complex (Zou et al., 2017).