• High Power Laser Science and Engineering
  • Vol. 9, Issue 3, 03000e43 (2021)
Hao Zhang1, Jie Zhao1, Yanting Hu1, Qianni Li1, Yu Lu1, Yue Cao1, Debin Zou1, Zhengming Sheng2、3、4, Francesco Pegoraro5, Paul McKenna2, Fuqiu Shao1, and Tongpu Yu1、*
Author Affiliations
  • 1Department of Physics, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha410073, China
  • 2SUPA, Department of Physics, University of Strathclyde, GlasgowG4 0NG, UK
  • 3Collaborative Innovation Center of IFSA (CICIFSA), Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (MoE) and School of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai200240, China
  • 4Tsung-Dao Lee Institute, Shanghai200240, China
  • 5Department of Physics Enrico Fermi, University of Pisa, and CNR/INO, Pisa56122, Italy
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    Schematic of γ-ray vortex generation from a laser-illuminated light-fan-in-channel target. A CP laser pulse is incident from the left and irradiates a micro-channel target. Electrons are extracted from the channel wall, travel along the channel, and are accelerated to hundreds of MeV by the longitudinal electric fields. Later, the laser pulse is reflected along the – x axis by a light fan and an LG laser pulse is thus formed which collides head-on with the dense energetic electron beam with large AM. This finally results in the generation of a bright multi-MeV γ-ray vortex. Note that the fan-foil is perpendicular to the axis of the micro-channel and the arrow of reflected laser points to the micro-channel.
    Fig. 1. Schematic of γ-ray vortex generation from a laser-illuminated light-fan-in-channel target. A CP laser pulse is incident from the left and irradiates a micro-channel target. Electrons are extracted from the channel wall, travel along the channel, and are accelerated to hundreds of MeV by the longitudinal electric fields. Later, the laser pulse is reflected along the – x axis by a light fan and an LG laser pulse is thus formed which collides head-on with the dense energetic electron beam with large AM. This finally results in the generation of a bright multi-MeV γ-ray vortex. Note that the fan-foil is perpendicular to the axis of the micro-channel and the arrow of reflected laser points to the micro-channel.
    Distributions of the transverse electric field Ey at different cross-sections from to at . The black dots represent the positions of energetic electrons dragged out from the channel wall.
    Fig. 2. Distributions of the transverse electric field Ey at different cross-sections from to at . The black dots represent the positions of energetic electrons dragged out from the channel wall.
    (a) Three-dimensional isosurface distribution of electron energy density of 60 MeV at . The (y, z) projection plane of electron energy density on the left is taken at , the (x, y) projection plane at the bottom is taken at z = 0, and the (x, z) projection plane at the rear is taken at y = 0. Distribution of the (b) longitudinal electric field Ex and (c) transverse electric field Ey at and . (d) Typical electron trajectories in the phase space (). (e) Projection of some typical electron trajectories in the y–z plane until . Here the colorbar represents the electron energy. (f) Electron momentum distribution in the y–z plane at . Evolution of (g) electron beam divergence and (h) energy spectrum. The black dashed circles in (d)–(f) represent the boundaries of the micro-channel.
    Fig. 3. (a) Three-dimensional isosurface distribution of electron energy density of 60 MeV at . The (y, z) projection plane of electron energy density on the left is taken at , the (x, y) projection plane at the bottom is taken at z = 0, and the (x, z) projection plane at the rear is taken at y = 0. Distribution of the (b) longitudinal electric field Ex and (c) transverse electric field Ey at and . (d) Typical electron trajectories in the phase space (). (e) Projection of some typical electron trajectories in the yz plane until . Here the colorbar represents the electron energy. (f) Electron momentum distribution in the yz plane at . Evolution of (g) electron beam divergence and (h) energy spectrum. The black dashed circles in (d)–(f) represent the boundaries of the micro-channel.
    Distributions of the transverse electric field Ey at different cross-sections from to at when the incident laser pulse is completely reflected by the light fan.
    Fig. 4. Distributions of the transverse electric field Ey at different cross-sections from to at when the incident laser pulse is completely reflected by the light fan.
    (a) Distributions of along the x-axis at and (b) three-dimensional isosurface distribution of photon number density of 10 nc at . The (y, z) projection plane on the left is taken at , the (x, y) projection plane at the bottom is taken at , and the (x, y) projection plane at the rear is taken at y = 0. (c)–(f) and (g)–(j) Transverse distributions of and the photon number density at different cross-sections ranging from to at The black dashed circles in (c)–(j) represent the boundaries of the micro-channel.
    Fig. 5. (a) Distributions of along the x-axis at and (b) three-dimensional isosurface distribution of photon number density of 10 nc at . The (y, z) projection plane on the left is taken at , the (x, y) projection plane at the bottom is taken at , and the (x, y) projection plane at the rear is taken at y = 0. (c)–(f) and (g)–(j) Transverse distributions of and the photon number density at different cross-sections ranging from to at The black dashed circles in (c)–(j) represent the boundaries of the micro-channel.
    (a) Energy spectra of γ-photons at , , , and . (b) Evolution of the γ-photon brilliance (black), instantaneous radiation power (red), photon number (blue), and total energy (green). Here the gray area marks the collision stage. (c) Divergence angle of γ-photons (top) at , , , and . Here the bottom shows the angular-energy distribution of -photons at .
    Fig. 6. (a) Energy spectra of γ-photons at , , , and . (b) Evolution of the γ-photon brilliance (black), instantaneous radiation power (red), photon number (blue), and total energy (green). Here the gray area marks the collision stage. (c) Divergence angle of γ-photons (top) at , , , and . Here the bottom shows the angular-energy distribution of -photons at .
    (a) Evolution of BAM of electrons (black arrow), protons (blue arrow), carbon ions (green arrow), and -photons (red arrow). (b) Evolution of laser energy conversion efficiency to electrons (black arrow), protons (blue arrow), carbon ions (green arrow), and -protons (red arrow). Here the gray area denotes the collision stage and the arrows indicate the y axes of different curves.
    Fig. 7. (a) Evolution of BAM of electrons (black arrow), protons (blue arrow), carbon ions (green arrow), and -photons (red arrow). (b) Evolution of laser energy conversion efficiency to electrons (black arrow), protons (blue arrow), carbon ions (green arrow), and -protons (red arrow). Here the gray area denotes the collision stage and the arrows indicate the y axes of different curves.
    Evolution of (a) averaged AM of laser photons and (b) averaged BAM of -photons in the right-handed helix fan case (RH fan, black), plane foil case (blue), and left-handed helix fan case (LF fan, red). The gray area shows the collision stage.
    Fig. 8. Evolution of (a) averaged AM of laser photons and (b) averaged BAM of -photons in the right-handed helix fan case (RH fan, black), plane foil case (blue), and left-handed helix fan case (LF fan, red). The gray area shows the collision stage.
    Scaling of the photon yield (, black circles), the laser energy conversion efficiency (, red circles), and total -photon BAM (, blue circles) with (a) the laser electric field amplitude and (b) the micro-channel length . Here, the black and blue curves are the fitting results.
    Fig. 9. Scaling of the photon yield (, black circles), the laser energy conversion efficiency (, red circles), and total -photon BAM (, blue circles) with (a) the laser electric field amplitude and (b) the micro-channel length . Here, the black and blue curves are the fitting results.
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    Hao Zhang, Jie Zhao, Yanting Hu, Qianni Li, Yu Lu, Yue Cao, Debin Zou, Zhengming Sheng, Francesco Pegoraro, Paul McKenna, Fuqiu Shao, Tongpu Yu. Efficient bright γ-ray vortex emission from a laser-illuminated light-fan-in-channel target[J]. High Power Laser Science and Engineering, 2021, 9(3): 03000e43
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    Category: Research Articles
    Received: Feb. 7, 2021
    Accepted: May. 17, 2021
    Posted: May. 19, 2021
    Published Online: Aug. 4, 2021
    The Author Email: Tongpu Yu (tongpu@nudt.edu.cn)