Synchronization is a phenomenon in which two or more systems coordinate and act in the same time with similar behaviors. It can be extensively observed in our daily life, such as the chorusing of crickets, flash of fireflies, pendulum clocks, firing neurons, applauding of audiences, and even the life cycle of creatures [1–3]. As synchronization is a qualitative transition where the rhythms of two or more different objects are adjusted in unison, it also attracts great interest and is widely applied to various fields, such as data communication, time keeping, navigation, cryptography, and neuroscience [4–9].
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