• Journal of Resources and Ecology
  • Vol. 11, Issue 6, 06000633 (2020)
TAO Hui1, GAO Jing2, and CHEN Kaiqiang3、*
Author Affiliations
  • 1School of Management, Minzu University of China, Beijing 100081, China
  • 2College of Architecture & Urban Planning, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China;
  • 3School of Management and Economics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
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    DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2020.06.011 Cite this Article
    Hui TAO, Jing GAO, Kaiqiang CHEN. Space Changes in the Rural Tourism Area of Mufu Town, Hubei Province, China[J]. Journal of Resources and Ecology, 2020, 11(6): 633 Copy Citation Text show less

    Abstract

    In a society dominated by tourism consumption, space changes occurring in rural areas can generally reflect their social changes. On the theoretical basis of flow, regeneration and adaptation of rural tourism space, this paper originally and creatively proposes that the spatial elements in a rural tourist area can be classified into three categories: Attractions (A), Towns (T) and Villages (V). By analyzing the spatial transformation characteristics of A, T and V, five types of rural spatial transition modes are found, the types of heritage, theme park, those serving as scenic spots, leisure industrial clusters and ecotourism areas. These different classes emerge due to their geographical differentiation. They show the same spatial evolution trend: The Attractions are distributed throughout the whole area and characterized by diversification; supporting services facilities gather in the Towns; and the Villages are landscape images. In this area the traditional rural benefit trends toward that of compound development. Mufu Town, Hubei province, is taken as a study case, and the changing characteristics of A, T and V from 2006 to 2016 are described. Problems in the process of establishing the new spatial order are considered. In order to realize the synergy between production space, living space and ecological space, the interactive development between Attractions, Towns and Villages is recommended. The perspective of Attraction-Town-Village (ATV) can lead to a better understanding of the situation of tourism space in rural areas and provide directions for thinking about the reconstruction path for the modernization of traditional societies.

    1 Introduction

    Fei Xiaotong’s classic description of the rural society (Fei, 2015), regarding spatial changes and reflections of rural tourism destinations, shows the imagination of the traditional Chinese villages. Since the end of 1970s, China’s rural areas have seen significant changes resulting from the land policies and the rapid development of the social economy. Rural space changes are closely related to various social relationships. The spatial evolution of traditional villages, including growth, expansion, shrinkage and disappearance, reflects their dependence on the agricultural economy (farmland) (Xi et al., 2015). The 1990s witnessed a rapid rural non-agricultural trend around the world. After the entrance of the handicraft, retailing, culture and tourism industries, production space in rural areas gradually transformed into consumption space. Therefore, the structure of the rural population varied considerably. Local villagers, owners of the second homes, tourists, managers and other new entrants contributed to the movement of the population, and thus social relationships as well as landscape images experienced dramatic changes. Thus, rural areas have evolved into complex multi-subject, multifunctional and multi-dimensional spaces.

    Copy Citation Text
    Hui TAO, Jing GAO, Kaiqiang CHEN. Space Changes in the Rural Tourism Area of Mufu Town, Hubei Province, China[J]. Journal of Resources and Ecology, 2020, 11(6): 633
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