Surface Plasmons|17 Article(s)
High sensitivity D-shaped hole fiber temperature sensor based on surface plasmon resonance with liquid filling
Sijun Weng, Li Pei, Jianshuai Wang, Tigang Ning, and Jing Li
A high sensitivity D-shaped hole double-cladding fiber temperature sensor based on surface plasmon resonance (SPR) is designed and investigated by a full-vector finite element method. Within the D-shaped hole double-cladding fiber, the hollow D-section is coated with gold film and then injected in a high thermo-optic coefficient liquid to realize the high temperature sensitivity for the fiber SPR temperature sensor. The numerical simulation results show that the peaking loss of the D-shaped hole double-cladding fiber SPR is hugely influenced by the distance between the D-shaped hole and fiber core and by the thickness of the gold film, but the temperature sensitivity is almost insensitive to the above parameters. When the thermo-optic coefficient is 2.8×10 4/°C, the thickness of the gold film is 47 nm, and the distance between the D-shaped hole and fiber core is 5 μm, the temperature sensitivity of the D-shaped hole fiber SPR sensor can reach to 3.635 nm/°C.
Photonics Research
  • Publication Date: Feb. 28, 2017
  • Vol. 5, Issue 2, 02000103 (2017)
Gap induced mode evolution under the asymmetric structure in a plasmonic resonator system
Yong-Pan Gao, Tie-Jun Wang, Cong Cao, and Chuan Wang
Photonics Research
  • Publication Date: Feb. 28, 2017
  • Vol. 5, Issue 2, 02000113 (2017)
Blue-detuned optical atom trapping in a compact plasmonic structure
Zhao Chen, Fan Zhang, Qi Zhang, Juanjuan Ren, He Hao, Xueke Duan, Pengfei Zhang, Tiancai Zhang, Ying Gu, and Qihuang Gong
We theoretically propose blue-detuned optical trapping for neutral atoms via strong near-field interfacing in a plasmonic nanohole array. The optical field at resonance forms a nanoscale-trap potential with an FWHM of 200 nm and about ~370 nm away from the nanohole; thus, a stable 3D atom trapping independent of the surface potential is demonstrated. The effective trap depth is more than 1 mK when the optical power of trapping light is only about 0.5 mW, while the atom scattering rate is merely about 3.31 s?1, and the trap lifetime is about 800 s. This compact plasmonic structure provides high uniformity of trap depths and a two-layer array of atom nanotraps, which should have important applications in the manipulation of cold atoms and collective resonance fluorescence.
Photonics Research
  • Publication Date: Jun. 28, 2017
  • Vol. 5, Issue 5, 05000436 (2017)
Graphene-supported manipulation of surface plasmon polaritons in metallic nanowaveguides
Hua Lu, Xuetao Gan, Dong Mao, and Jianlin Zhao
We investigate the electrically controlled light propagation in the metal–dielectric–metal plasmonic waveguide with a sandwiched graphene monolayer. The theoretical and simulation results show that the propagation loss exhibits an obvious peak when the permittivity of graphene approaches an epsilon-near-zero point when adjusting the gate voltage on graphene. The analog of electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) can be generated by introducing side-coupled stubs into the waveguide. Based on the EIT-like effect, the hybrid plasmonic waveguide with a length of only 1.5 μm can work as a modulator with an extinction ratio of ~15.8 dB, which is 2.3 times larger than the case without the stubs. The active modulation of surface plasmon polariton propagation can be further improved by tuning the carrier mobility of graphene. The graphene-supported plasmonic waveguide system could find applications for the nanoscale manipulation of light and chip-integrated modulation.
Photonics Research
  • Publication Date: Apr. 12, 2017
  • Vol. 5, Issue 3, 03000162 (2017)
Coupled quantum molecular cavity optomechanics with surface plasmon enhancement
Jian Liu, and Ka-Di Zhu
Cavity optomechanics is applied to study the coupling behavior of interacting molecules in surface plasmon systems driven by two-color laser beams. Different from the traditional force–distance measurement, due to a resonant frequency shift or a peak splitting on the probe spectrum, we have proposed a convenient method to measure the van der Waals force strength and interaction energy via nonlinear spectroscopy. The minimum force value can reach approximately 10?15 N, which is 3 to 4 orders of magnitude smaller than the widely applied atomic force microscope (AFM). It is also shown that two adjacent molecules with similar chemical structures and nearly equal vibrational frequencies can be easily distinguished by the splitting of the transparency peak. Based on this coupled optomechanical system, we also conceptually design a tunable optical switch by van der Waals interaction. Our results will provide new approaches for understanding the complex and dynamic interactions in molecule–plasmon systems.
Photonics Research
  • Publication Date: Jul. 06, 2017
  • Vol. 5, Issue 5, 05000450 (2017)
Spatial evolution of the near-field distribution on planar gold nanoparticles with the excitation wavelength across dipole and quadrupole modes
Jinghuan Yang, Quan Sun, Han Yu, Kosei Ueno, Hiroaki Misawa, and Qihuang Gong
We investigate the superposition properties of the dipole and quadrupole plasmon modes in the near field both experimentally, by using photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM), and theoretically. In particular, the asymmetric near-field distributions on gold (Au) nanodisks and nanoblocks under oblique incidence with different polarizations are investigated in detail. The results of PEEM measurements show that the evolutions of the asymmetric near-field distributions are different between the excitation with s-polarized and p-polarized light. The experimental results can be reproduced very well by numerical simulations and interpreted as the superposition of the dipole and quadrupole modes with the help of analytic calculations. Moreover, we hypothesize that the electrons collected by PEEM are mainly from the plasmonic hot spots located at the plane in the interface between the Au particles and the substrate in the PEEM experiments.
Photonics Research
  • Publication Date: Apr. 17, 2017
  • Vol. 5, Issue 3, 03000187 (2017)
Enhanced light emission from AlGaN/GaN multiple quantum wells using the localized surface plasmon effect by aluminum nanoring patterns
Kyung Rock Son, Byeong Ryong Lee, Min Ho Jang, Hyun Chul Park, Yong Hoon Cho, and Tae Geun Kim
We investigate the localized surface plasmon (LSP) effect by Al nanorings on the AlGaN/GaN multiple quantum well (MQW) structure emitting at 365 nm. For this experiment, first, the size of Al nanorings is optimized to maximize the energy transfer (or coupling) between the LSP and MQW using the silica nanospheres. Then, the Al nanorings with an outer diameter of 385 nm, which exhibit a strong absorption peak in the near-ultraviolet region, are applied to the top surface of the AlGaN/GaN MQW. The photoluminescence (PL) intensity of the MQW structure with Al nanorings increased by 227% at 365 nm compared to that without Al nanorings. This improvement is mainly attributed to an enhanced radiative recombination rate in the MQWs through the energy-matched LSPs by the temperature-dependent PL and time-resolved PL analyses. The radiative lifetime was about two times shorter than that of the structure without Al nanorings at room temperature. In addition, the measured PL efficiency at room temperature of the structure with Al nanorings was 33%, while that of the structure without Al nanorings was 19%, implying that LSP-QW coupling together with the nanoring array pattern itself played important roles in the enhancement.
Photonics Research
  • Publication Date: Jan. 01, 2018
  • Vol. 6, Issue 1, 01000030 (2018)
High-sensitivity integrated devices based on surface plasmon resonance for sensing applications
Mahmoud H. Elshorbagy, Alexander Cuadrado, and Javier Alda
A metallic nanostructured array that scatters radiation toward a thin metallic layer generates surface plasmon resonances for normally incident light. The location of the minimum of the spectral reflectivity serves to detect changes in the index of refraction of the medium under analysis. The normal incidence operation eases its integration with optical fibers. The geometry of the arrangement and the material selection are changed to optimize some performance parameters as sensitivity, figure of merit, field enhancement, and spectral width. This optimization takes into account the feasibility of the fabrication. The evaluated results of sensitivity (1020 nm/RIU) and figure of merit (614 RIU?1) are competitive with those previously reported.
Photonics Research
  • Publication Date: Oct. 04, 2017
  • Vol. 5, Issue 6, 06000654 (2017)
Enhanced spin Hall effect of reflected light with guided-wave surface plasmon resonance
Yuanjiang Xiang, Xing Jiang, Qi You, Jun Guo, and Xiaoyu Dai
The photonic spin Hall effect (SHE) has been intensively studied and widely applied, especially in spin photonics. However, the SHE is weak and is difficult to detect directly. In this paper, we propose a method to enhance SHE with the guided-wave surface-plasmon resonance (SPR). By covering a dielectric with high refractive index on the surface of silver film, the photonic SHE can be greatly enhanced, and a giant transverse shift of horizontal polarization state is observed due to the evanescent field enhancement near the interface at the top dielectric layer and air. The maximum transverse shift of the horizontal polarization state with 11.5 μm is obtained when the thickness of Si film is optimum. There is at least an order of magnitude enhancement in contrast with the transverse shift in the conventional SPR configuration. Our research is important for providing an effective way to improve the photonic SHE and may offer the opportunity to characterize the parameters of the dielectric layer with the help of weak measurements and development of sensors based on the photonic SHE.
Photonics Research
  • Publication Date: Aug. 14, 2017
  • Vol. 5, Issue 5, 05000467 (2017)
Actively controllable terahertz switches with graphene-based nongroove gratings
Linbao Luo, Kuiyuan Wang, Caiwang Ge, Kai Guo, Fei Shen, Zhiping Yin, and Zhongyi Guo
We systematically investigated the tunable dynamic characteristics of a broadband surface plasmon polariton (SPP) wave on a silicon-graded grating structure in the range of 10–40 THz with the aid of single-layer graphene. The theoretical and numerical simulated results demonstrate that the SPPs at different frequencies within a broadband range can be trapped at different positions on the graphene surface, which can be used as a broadband spectrometer and optical switch. Meanwhile, the group velocity of the SPPs can be modulated to be several hundred times smaller than light velocity in vacuum. Based on the theoretical analyses, we have predicted the trapping positions and corresponding group velocities of the SPP waves with different frequencies. By appropriately tuning the gate voltages, the trapped SPP waves can be released to propagate along the surface of graphene or out of the graded grating zone. Thus, we have also investigated the switching characteristics of the slow light system, where the optical switching can be controlled as an “off” or “on” mode by actively adjusting the gate voltage. The slow light system offers advantages, including broadband operation, ultracompact footprint, and tunable ability simultaneously, which holds great promise for applications in optical switches.
Photonics Research
  • Publication Date: Sep. 03, 2017
  • Vol. 5, Issue 6, 06000604 (2017)