Contents
2010
Volume: 30 Issue 10
64 Article(s)

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[in Chinese]
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 1 (2010)
Effect of KCl Additive on Laser-Induced Soil Plasma Radiation
Jin-zhong CHEN, Lin-jing ZHANG, Shao-peng YANG, Yan-hong WEI, Xu LI, and Qing-lin GUO
In order to improve laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for low-level elements testing capability, the enhancement effects of KCl additive on the emission spectra of soil samples were studied. The laser spectrum analytical system is composed of a high-energy neodymium glass laser ablating samples, a multifunctional an
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2601 (2010)
Photophysical Properties of Novel Organic Europium (Ⅲ) Complexes
Guan-feng YAN, Quan WANG, Bo-lin WEI, Xiao-chen SUN, Guo-qing CHEN, and Shu-mei GAO
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2606 (2010)
Chemiluminescence Spectroscopic Analysis of Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition Combustion Processes
Hai-feng LIU, Ming-fa YAO, Chao JIN, Peng ZHANG, Zhe-ming LI, and Zun-qing ZHENG
To study the combustion reaction kinetics of homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) under different port injection strategies and intake temperature conditions, the tests were carried out on a modified single-cylinder optical engine using chemiluminescence spectroscopic analysis. The experimental conditions are
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2611 (2010)
Performance Dependence of Organic Light-Emitting Devices on the Thickness of Alq3 Emitting Layer
Jia-rong LIAN, Qiao-sheng LIAO, Rui-bo YANG, Wei ZHENG, and Peng-ju ZENG
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2616 (2010)
Rapid Detection of Alanine Aminotransferase with Near-Infrared Spectroscopy
Fu-rong HUANG, Jun ZHANG, Yun-han LUO, Shi-ping LI, Shi-fu ZHENG, and Xing-dan CHEN
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2620 (2010)
Rapid Determination of Nutrient Components in Lake Sediments Using Near Infrared Spectroscopy
Feng-yu ZAN, Shou-liang HUO, Bei-dou XI, Qing-qin LI, and Hong-liang LIU
The lake sediments record important environmental evolution information of lake in recent 100 years. However, a rapid and precise combination analytical method measuring nutrient components in lake sediments can not be established. The near infrared reflectance spectra (NIRS) of sediment coring samples were determined
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2624 (2010)
Study on Near Infrared Spectrum in the Application of the BP Neural Network in the Tongue Diagnosis for Hepatitis Patients
Wen-juan YAN, Jing ZHANG, Guang-qin HU, Jing ZHAO, Ling LIN, Xiao-zuo LU, and Gang LI
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2628 (2010)
Study on the Correctional Method for the Attenuation Calculation of Infrared Radiation in the Water Fogs
Yong-cheng DU, Li YANG, Xiu-feng ZHANG, and Meng-meng WU
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2632 (2010)
Synthesis, Spectral Analysis and Photocatalysis of Ag/K4Nb6O17 Heterojunction Catalysts
Feng-li ZHANG, Yan-ning CAO, Song YING, Rong CHEN, Han-hui ZHANG, and Qi ZHENG
K4Nb6O17 photocatalyst was successfully synthesized by low-temperature hydrothermal method with layer structure. Considering that a large number of hydroxyl (Nb—OH) and oxygen species (NbO, Nb—O-) exist on the surface of K4Nb6O17 synthesized by hydrothermal method, Ag(en)+2 precursors were employed to synthesize Ag/K4N
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2636 (2010)
Adsorption Characteristics and Mechanism of Atrazine on Three Types of Humic Acid
Chun-ying CHANG, Yin-tian ZHENG, and Yi-zhong L
This study mainly researched the adsorption properties and adsorption mechanism of atrazine on three different types of humic acids: the black soil humic acid, the chestnut soil humic acid and the humic acid purchased. After the extraction of humic acid from the two different types of soil, the black soil and chestnut
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2641 (2010)
Study on Identification and Traceability of Tea Material Cultivar by Combined Analysis of Multi-Partial Least Squares Models Based on Near Infrared Spectroscopy
Jian ZHOU, Hao CHENG, Jian-ming ZENG, Li-yuan WANG, Kang WEI, Wei HE, Wei-feng WANG, and Xu LIU
The present study attempted to achieve the identification and traceability of tea material cultivar through combination of multi-partial least squares models and Euclidean distance, etc. The results indicate that with the samples manufactured with tea fresh leaves of cultivar Longjing 43, Qunti, Yingshuang and Wuniuzao
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2650 (2010)
Study on the Gasoline Classification Methods Based on Near Infrared Spectroscopy
Jun ZHANG, Li JIANG, Zhe CHEN, Qian YU, Jing-qiu LIANG, and Jing-hua WANG
The purpose of the present paper is to study the classification methods of gasoline. First, two classific models are compared using discriminant cluster analysis method in 700-1 100 nm and 1 100-1 700 nm spectral region. The sample is 90#, 93# and 97# gasoline. The results show that the model in 1 100-1 700 nm spectral
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2654 (2010)
Electrochemical Deposition of Copper by Using Ionic liquids as Additive and Its Surface-Enhanced Raman Scatting Effect
Cun-ying XU, Lei YAN, Ya-wei LIU, Yan LI, Yi-xin HUA, and Peng-xiang ZHANG
The use of room-temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) as green media for electrochemical application has attracted great attention recently. However, the effects of RTILs used as additives for electrodeposition of metals have hardly been explored. In the present work, the electrochemical deposition of copper was investigat
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2658 (2010)
Using PAA Template to Fabricate SERS Substrate and the SERS Detection of Melamine
Jun-mei LI, Xiao-xuan XU, Yu-fang WANG, Bin WANG, Jia-ming SUN, and Cun-zhou ZHANG
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2663 (2010)
Raman Spectra Analysis of Calcium Metaphosphate Glass-Ceramics
Xiao-feng LIANG, Guang-fu YIN, Shi-yuan YANG, Guo-hua MA, and Jun-xia WANG
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2667 (2010)
Investigation on Degradation of Polypropylene/Stabilizers Composites Irradiated by Gamma Rays
Li-juan ZHOU, Xiu-qin ZHANG, Ying ZHAO, Ming-shu YANG, Du-jin WANG, and Duan-fu XU
The degradation behavior of polypropylene and polypropylene/stabilizer composites, caused by gamma radiation, was studied in the present work. The stabilizers used were hindered phenol antioxidant and hindered amine light stabilizer. FTIR spectroscopy and DSC analysis were used to determine the structural variation ind
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2671 (2010)
Study on Solid Surface Fluorescence Characteristic of Saline Soils around Lakes in Arid and Semiarid Regions
Hui-bin YU, Bei-dou XI, Zi-min WEI, Wen-chao MA, Xiao-song HE, Xu-jing GUO, and Hong-liang LIU
Fluorescence spectroscopy relies on the fluorescence emitted by rigid conjugated systems and thus has been increasingly used to assess the soil organic matter (SOM) humification. This technique is widely applied to solution samples of humic substances, and so far no information exists about its applicability to solid-p
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2680 (2010)
Fingerprint Discrimination Technique of Spill Oil Based on Concentration Auxiliary Parameter Fluorescence Spectra
Chun-yan WANG, Wen-dong LI, Xiao-ning LUAN, Deng-ying ZHANG, Jin-liang ZHANG, and Rong-er ZHENG
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2700 (2010)
Preliminary Investigation on the Formation Mechanism of CCl4-Water-Cetyl Trimethyl Ammonium Bromide (CTAB) Gel
Yan SUN, Jing CHEN, An-qi HE, Kun HUANG, Lei YU, Cui-ge LIU, Yong-ju WEI, Yan-jun ZHAI, Yi-zhuang XU, and Jin-guang WU
Gels are gaining extensive interest owing to their versatile applications in fields such as drug delivery, tissue engineering, cosmetics, templated materials and food industry. Surfactants have an ability to self-assemble into a variety of supramolecular aggregate structures and morphologies. Of particular interest in
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2706 (2010)
Application of Dark Pixels Atmospheric Correction Algorithm to Hyperion Imageries
Qiu-gen ZHENG, and Wen-ting QUAN
Atmosphere is an important factor that affects the quantitative analysis and application of remote sensing technology. In the support of IDL platform, the study takes advantages of dark pixel atmospheric correction algorithm (DPACA) to extract the optical depth of atmosphere, and then remove the atmospheric influences
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2710 (2010)
Retrieval of Spectral Characteristics of Hyperspectral Sensor and Retrieval of Reflectance Spectra
Tian-xing WANG, Guang-jian YAN, Hua-zhong REN, and Xi-han MU
On-orbit spectral calibration of hyperspectral imaging data is a key step for quantitatively analyzing them. Like the atmospheric correction, accurate spectral calibration is very necessary for improved studies of land or ocean surface properties. Based on the previous literatures, a new method which coupled an optimiz
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2714 (2010)
Quantitative Models between Canopy Hyperspectrum and Its Component Features at Apple Tree Prosperous Fruit Stage
Ling WANG, Geng-xing ZHAO, Xi-cun1 ZHU, Tong LEI, and Fang DONG
Hyperspectral technique has become the basis of quantitative remote sensing. Hyperspectrum of apple tree canopy at prosperous fruit stage consists of the complex information of fruits, leaves, stocks, soil and reflecting films, which was mostly affected by component features of canopy at this stage. First, the hyperspe
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2719 (2010)
Rapid Nondestructive Detection of Apple Quality Attributes Using Hyperspectral Scattering Images
Jia-jia SHAN, Jian-hu WU, Jing-jing CHEN, Yan-kun PENG, Wei WANG, and Yong-yu LI
The research discussed the prediction method of apple’s internal quality such as firmness and soluble solids content with the combination of parameters getting from hyperspectral fitting scattering curve. The research compared different molding methods using the combination of the three Lorentzian fitting parameters wi
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2729 (2010)
Hyperspectral Remote Sensing Monitoring of Grassland Degradation
Huan-jiong WANG, Wen-jie FAN, Yao-kui CUI, Lei ZHOU, Bin-yan YAN, Dai-hui WU, and Xi-ru XU
The distributing of China’s grassland is abroad and the status of grassland degradation is in serious condition. So achieving real-time and exactly grassland ecological monitoring is significant for the carbon cycle, as well as for climate and on regional economies. With the field measured spectra data as data source,
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2734 (2010)
LLE-SVM Classification of Apple Mealiness Based on Hyperspectral Scattering Image
Gui-lin ZHAO, Qi-bing ZHU, and Min HUANG
Apple mealiness degree is an important factor for its internal quality. hyperspectral scattering, as a promising technique, was investigated for noninvasive measurement of apple mealiness. In the present paper, a locally linear embedding (LLE) coupled with support vector machine (SVM) was proposed to achieve classifica
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2739 (2010)
Rapid Diagnosis of Fatty Liver by Glossoscopy Based on Spectrometry
Gang LI, Jing ZHAO, Jing ZHANG, Guang-qin HU, Xiao-zuo LU, and Ling LIN
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2748 (2010)
Spectroscopic Characterization Analysis on Cr(Ⅵ) Removal Mechanism by Low-Cost Adsorbent of Rice Husk Ash
Chun-hui FAN, Ying-chao ZHANG, Ying ZHANG, Xue HAN, and Chefetz Benny
Analyzing methods of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) and X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF) were used to reveal the adsorption mechanism of Cr(Ⅵ) by low-cost adsorbent of rice husk ash. Result
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2752 (2010)
Comparative Studies on Identification of Maize Secreted Proteome by Different Analyzing Techniques
Wei MA, Hochholdinger Frank, and Chun-jian LI
Maize roots release a battery of proteins into the rhizosphere during growth and development. In the present study, mucilage secreted by primary roots of 3-4 d old maize seedlings was collected under axenic conditions, and the constitutively secreted proteins were analyzed by different methods, including two-dimensiona
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2762 (2010)
Research on Target Identification by Multi-Spectrum Separation Algorithm
Li-xia LIU, and Yi-qi ZHUANG
In view of problems such as field poor shock resistance, low target identification rate, low real-time and so on in mechanical scanning optical system, a non-scanning target identification remote sensing system was designed using the multi-spectrum separation algorithm. Using the non-scanning M-Z interferometer to prov
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2767 (2010)
Research on Spectral Classification Algorithm Based on Spatial Feature
Xiao-hui GAO, Bin XIANGLI, Jun-xia WEI, Ru-yi WEI, and Tao YU
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2772 (2010)
Characterization of Reaction Kinetics between Ligand and Receptor on the Solid and Liquid Interface Based on Optical Waveguide Lightmode Spectroscopy
Zhong-wei WU, Quan-jun LIU, Ling-wei WU, Xiao XIE, and Zu-hong LU
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2776 (2010)
The Application of the Subsection Mapping Retrieval Model to Water Qualities Quantitative Analysis
Jun CHEN, Zhen-he WEN, and Jun FU
Taking the in situ measurements as the driver, the traditional remote sensing models modeling approaches emphasize particularly on the least total errors between the modeled estimate and the measurements while ignore its local error status, which may lead to a large warp between the modeled prediction and the observati
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2784 (2010)
The Influences of Different Vegetation Ecosystems on Heavy Metals in Soil in Semi-Arid Region
Meng-meng ZHOU, Zhi-hua PAN, Dong-dong CHEN, Lu-yang ZHANG, Ping-li AN, Xue-biao PAN, and Pei-yi ZHAO
The ecological environment of semi-arid regions in China is fragile, and the situation of protecting environment is grim. So it is urgent to strengthen environment protection and ecological construction in semi-arid region. Four different vegetation ecosystems were selected in semi-arid region with Wuchuan County in In
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2789 (2010)
Measurement of Pork Tenderness by Using Steady Spatially-Resolved Spectroscopy
Gen-wei ZHANG, Xing WEN, Zhong-yi WANG, Dong-jie ZHAO, and Lan HUANG
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2793 (2010)
Application of Wavelet Transform in Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectra Compression
Mei-cheng JIANG, Ji-dong LU, Shun-chun YAO, Sheng-hua PAN, Kai CHEN, and Mei-rong DONG
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2797 (2010)
The Quality Evaluation of Dynamic Spectrum Data
Gang LI, Hui-quan WANG, Zhe ZHAO, Ling LIN, Mei ZHOU, and Hong-jie WU
To eliminate the influence of all factors on non-invasive measurement precision of blood components by dynamic spectrum method during data acquisition process, a quality evaluation criterion of dynamic spectrum data needs to be established to improve the stability of the model and precision of the prediction. The numbe
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2802 (2010)
Influence of LDAO on the Conformation and Release of Bacteriochlorophyll of Peripheral Light-Harvesting Complex (LH2) from Rhodobacter Azotoformans
Gen-gui ZHAO, Yan-min DONG, Su-ping YANG, Nian-zhi JIAO, and Yin-bo QU
The aim of this study is to reveal the interaction relationships between lauryl dimethylamine N-oxide (LDAO) and peripheral light-harvesting complex (LH2) as well as the influence of LDAO on structure and function of LH2. In the present work, the effects of LDAO on the conformation and release processes of bacteriochlo
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2807 (2010)
Determination of Blue Ballpoint Pen Ink by Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry
Dong MA, Min SHEN, Yi-wen LUO, Jun BO, Che XU, and Xian-yi ZHUO
To establish an identification method for the forensic analysis of blue ballpoint ink by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS), 95 kinds of blue ballpoint pen from different manufacturers were detected. These blue ballpoint pens were classified into 34 groups according to their metal e
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2816 (2010)
Spectral Analysis of Some Nutrients and Minerals in Agaricus Bisporus Fruit Bodies Harvested at Four Different Maturity Stages
Can LIU, Ji-ping SHENG, and Lin SHEN
The contents of nutritional elements such as Na, K, P, Ca, Mg and trace elements such as Cu, Se, Mo, Fe in Agaricus bisporus fruit bodies harvested at four different maturity stages (stage Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ) were analyzed by ICP-AES, and the contents of some nutritional ingredients such as water, soluble protein, soluble suga
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2820 (2010)
Determination of Six Heavy Metals Elements in Drinking Water by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry
Jun-ping WANG, Xiao-xing MA, Guo-zhen FANG, Shuo WANG, and Hui-ling YIN
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2827 (2010)
Determination of As(Ⅲ) and As(Ⅴ) in Sea Water by Hydride Generation Atomic Fluorescence Spectrometry
Jing BIAN, Fang XU, Ling-hui LI, Wei WANG, Jing-jing HAN, and Li LI
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2834 (2010)
Application in Methane Extraction of Fiber Methane Monitoring System Based on Spectral Absorption
Yan-jie ZHAO, Chang WANG, Tong-yu LIU, Zhe WANG, Yu-bin WEI, Yan-fang LI, Ying SHANG, and Qian WANG
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2857 (2010)
Stray Light of Space-Borne Hyperspectral Imager and Its Measurement
Jun-qiang ZHANG, Qing-wen WU, and Chang-xiang YAN
Hyperspectral imager has more spectral channels and higher spectral resolution compared to normal spectral instrument. Stray light is one of the important reasons affecting the spectral accuracy of the hyperspectral imager, but the current stray light measurements can’t meet the need. Definition, sources and harmfulnes
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2861 (2010)
Developments and Trends of the Computed Tomography Imaging Spectrometers
Ru-yi WEI, Jin-song ZHOU, Juan-juan JING, Xin-quan WANG, Xiao-hui GAO, and Le WANG
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Sep. 29, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2866 (2010)
Research Articles
Fluorescence Study on the Interactions between Carbon Nanotubes and Bovine Serum Albumin
Shan-shan LI, Hua HE, Zhe CHEN, Jun ZHA, and Pham-Huy Chuong
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Oct. 20, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2689 (2010)
Hyperspectral Remote Sensing Image Classification Based on ICA and SVM Algorithm
Liang LIANG, Min-hua YANG, and Ying-fang LI
A novel method was developed to classify hyperspectral remote sensing image based on independent component analysis (ICA) and support vector machine (SVM) algorithms. The characteristic information of the hyperspectral remote sensing image captured by PHI (made in China, with 80 bands) was extracted by ICA algorithm, a
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Oct. 20, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2724 (2010)
Determination of Cr, Cu, Zn, Pb and As in Soil by Field Portable X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
An-xiang LU, Ji-hua WANG, Li-gang PAN, Ping HAN, and Ying HAN
Total concentrations of Cr, Cu, Zn, Pb and As were determined in soil samples from Beijing, Xinjiang, Heilongjiang, Yunnan, and Jiangsu provinces, using field portable X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (XRF). The relationship between XRF analysis results and the concentration of heavy metals in soils was established. The
Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis
  • Publication Date: Oct. 20, 2021
  • Vol.30 Issue, 10 2848 (2010)