Volume: 19 Issue 3
16 Article(s)
Research Articles
Atomic and Molecular Optics
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications
Classification of interference-fading tolerant Φ-OTDR signal using optimal peak-seeking and machine learning [Invited]
Yixin Zhang, Tong Zhou, Zhewen Ding, Yanqing Lu, Xuping Zhang, Feng Wang, and Ningmu Zou
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Mar. 11, 2021
  • Vol.19 Issue, 3 030601 (2021)
Tunable phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating based on a microchannel fabricated by a femtosecond laser
Li Zeng, Xiaoyan Sun, Zikun Chang, Youwang Hu, and Ji’an Duan
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Mar. 16, 2021
  • Vol.19 Issue, 3 030602 (2021)
Thermo-mechanical dynamics of nanoimprinting anti-reflective structures onto small-core mid-IR chalcogenide fibers [Invited] | Editors' Pick
Christian R. Petersen, Mikkel B. Lotz, Christos Markos, Getinet Woyessa, David Furniss, Angela B. Seddon, Rafael J. Taboryski, and O. Bang
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Mar. 16, 2021
  • Vol.19 Issue, 3 030603 (2021)
Imaging Systems and Image Processing
Reflectance transformation imaging of 3D detection for subtle traces
Jie Dai, Lihua Huang, Kai Guo, Liqing Ling, and Huijie Huang
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Feb. 25, 2021
  • Vol.19 Issue, 3 031101 (2021)
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Optical Sensing
Natural logarithm wavelength modulation spectroscopy
Shaomin Li, and Liqun Sun
Natural logarithm wavelength modulation spectroscopy (ln-WMS) is demonstrated in this Letter. Unlike the conventional wavelength modulation spectroscopy (WMS)-2f technique, it is a linear method even for large absorbance, which is the core advantage of ln-WMS. The treating method used in ln-WMS is to take the natural logarithm of the transmitted intensity. In order to determine the proper demodulation phase, the η-seeking algorithm is introduced, which minimizes the absolute value of the first harmonic within the non-absorbing region. Subsequently, the second harmonic of the absorption signal is extracted by setting the demodulating phase as 2η. To illustrate the validity of ln-WMS, it was applied to water vapor experimentally. The result shows that even if the absorbance (base-e) is between 1.60 and 6.26, the linearity between ln-WMS-2f and volume fraction is still established. For comparison, measurement with conventional WMS-2f was also done, whose response no longer kept linearity. The η values retrieved in continuous measurements and the residuals were shown so as to evaluate the performance of the η-seeking algorithm. Time consumed by this algorithm was roughly 0.28 s per measurement. As an alternative WMS strategy, ln-WMS has a wide range of potential applications, especially where the absorbance is large or varies over a wide area.
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Feb. 25, 2021
  • Vol.19 Issue, 3 031201 (2021)
Lasers, Optical Amplifiers, and Laser Optics
Two-dimensional tellurium saturable absorber for ultrafast solid-state laser
Zixin Yang, Lili Han, Qi Yang, Xianghe Ren, Syed Zaheer Ud Din, Xiaoyan Zhang, Jiancai Leng, Jiabao Zhang, Baitao Zhang, Kejian Yang, Jingliang He, Chunlong Li, and Jun Wang
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Feb. 25, 2021
  • Vol.19 Issue, 3 031401 (2021)
Nonlinear Optics
Variation in linear susceptibility tensor at crystal surface probed by linear Cherenkov radiation
Yan Guan, Fang Wang, Ying Yang, Deen Wang, Xin Zhang, Qiang Yuan, Dongxia Hu, Xuewei Deng, Huaijin Ren, Yuanlin Zheng, and Xianfeng Chen
At the surfaces of crystals, linear susceptibility tensors would differ from their counterparts in the interior of the bulk crystal. However, this phenomenon has not been shown in a visible way yet. In previous researches, numerous types of nonlinear Cherenkov radiation based on different materials have been studied, while linear Cherenkov radiation is barely reported. We experimentally prove the generation of linear Cherenkov radiation on the potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KDP) crystal surface and theoretically analyze its phase-matching scheme. In our study, o-polarized light and e-polarized light can mutually convert through the linear Cherenkov process. According to this result, we figure out new nonzero elements at off-diagonal positions in the linear susceptibility tensor matrix at crystal surfaces, compared with the normal form of a bulk KDP.
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Mar. 11, 2021
  • Vol.19 Issue, 3 031901 (2021)
Physical Optics
Configuration optimization of off-axis parabolic mirror for enhancing the focusability of a laser beam
Xiahui Zeng
We demonstrate a configuration optimization process of an off-axis parabolic mirror to maximize the focused peak intensity based on a precise knowledge of the tight focusing properties by using a full vector-diffraction theory and obtain an optimum configuration scaling rule, which makes it possible to achieve the maximum peak intensity. In addition, we also carry out an assessment analysis of the offset and off-axis angle tolerances corresponding to a 5% drop of the maximum focused peak intensity and present scaling laws for the tolerances of the offset and off-axis angle. Understanding these scaling laws is important to enhance the focusability of a laser beam by an off-axis parabolic mirror in the optimum configuration, in particular, which is valuable for structural design and selection of an off-axis parabolic mirror in ultrashort and ultraintense laser–matter interaction experiments.
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Mar. 11, 2021
  • Vol.19 Issue, 3 032601 (2021)
Special Issue on Metal Halide Perovskite and Their Applications
Interface and bulk controlled perovskite nanocrystal growth for high brightness light-emitting diodes [Invited]
Le Jiang, Xi Luo, Zhongming Luo, Dingjian Zhou, Baoxing Liu, Jincheng Huang, Jianfeng Zhang, Xulin Zhang, Ping Xu, and Guijun Li
Halide perovskites have attracted great attention due to their high color purity, high luminance yield, low non-radiative recombination rate, and solution processability. Although the external quantum efficiency of perovskite light-emitting diodes (PeLEDs) is comparable with that of the organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) and quantum-dots light-emitting diodes (QLEDs), the brightness is still low compared with the traditional OLEDs and QLEDs. Herein, we demonstrate high brightness and high-efficiency CsPbBr3-based PeLEDs using interface and bulk controlled nanocrystal growth of the perovskite emission layer. The interface engineering by ethanolamine and bulk engineering by polyethylene glycol led to highly crystallized and cubic-shaped perovskite nanocrystals with smooth and compact morphology. As a result, PeLEDs with a high brightness of 64756 cd/m2 and an external quantum efficiency of 13.4% have been achieved.
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Mar. 11, 2021
  • Vol.19 Issue, 3 030001 (2021)
High-brightness red-emitting double-perovskite phosphor Sr2LaTaO6:Eu3+ with high color purity and thermal stability [Invited] | On the Cover
Zongjie Zhang, Wei Li, Nan Ma, and Xiaoyong Huang
Bright Eu3+-activated double-perovskite Sr2LaTaO6 red-emitting phosphors were successfully synthesized by a high-temperature solid-state method. Under near-ultraviolet excitation at 394 nm, optimal Sr2LaTaO6:0.2Eu3+ phosphors emitted high-brightness red light around 613 nm with the International Commission on Illumination chromaticity coordinates (0.650, 0.349). Notably, the color purity can reach 92%. Impressively, the favorable thermal stability of the Sr2LaTaO6:0.2Eu3+ phosphors was characterized by temperature-dependent emission spectra at different temperatures from 303 to 463 K, and the emission intensity at 423 K remained 73% of its value at 303 K. All of the results suggested that the as-prepared Sr2LaTaO6:0.2Eu3+ phosphors can be used in near-ultraviolet-excitable white light-emitting diodes as a red-emitting color converter.
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Feb. 22, 2021
  • Vol.19 Issue, 3 030003 (2021)
Optoelectronic and elastic properties of metal halides double perovskites Cs2InBiX6 (X = F, Cl, Br, I)
Muhammad Saeed, Izaz Ul Haq, Shafiq Ur Rehman, Akbar Ali, Wajid Ali Shah, Zahid Ali, Qasim Khan, and Imad Khan
Structural geometry, electronic band gaps, density of states, optical and mechanical properties of double perovskite halides Cs2InBiX6 (X = F, Cl, Br, I) are investigated using the density functional theory. These compounds possess genuine perovskite stoichiometry, evaluated using various geometry-based indices like tolerance factor, octahedral factor, and formation energy. The fundamental electronic band gaps are direct and valued in the range 0.80–2.79 eV. These compounds have narrow band gaps (except Cs2InBiF6) due to strong orbital coupling of the cations. The valence band maximum and conduction band minimum are confirmed to be essentially of In 5s and Bi 6p characters, respectively. The splitting of Bi 6p bands due to strong spin-orbit coupling causes reduction in the band gaps. These compounds have large dispersion in their bands and very low carrier effective masses. The substitution of halogen atoms has great influence on the optical properties. The mechanical properties reveal that Cs2InBiX6 (X = F, Cl, Br, I) satisfy the stability criteria in cubic structures.
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Mar. 16, 2021
  • Vol.19 Issue, 3 030004 (2021)
Stable and high performance all-inorganic perovskite light-emitting diodes with anti-solvent treatment | Editors' Pick
Sajid Hussain, Ahmad Raza, Fawad Saeed, Abida Perveen, Yan Sikhai, Nasrud Din, Elias E. Elemike, Qianqian Huang, Alagesan Subramanian, Qasim Khan, and Wei Lei
Optoelectronic applications based on the perovskites always face challenges due to the inherent chemical composition volatility of perovskite precursors. The efficiency of perovskite-based light-emitting diodes (Pe-LEDs) can be enhanced by improving the perovskite film via solvent engineering. A dual solvent post-treatment strategy was applied to the perovskite film, which provides a synchronous effect of passivating surface imperfections and reduces exciton quenching, as evidenced by improved surface morphology and photoluminance. Thus, the optimized Pe-LEDs reach 17,866 cd·m-2 maximum brightness, 45.8 cd·A-1 current efficiency, 8.3% external quantum efficiency, and relatively low turn-on voltage of 2.0 V. Herein, we present a simple technique for the fabrication of stable and efficient Pe-LEDs.
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Mar. 11, 2021
  • Vol.19 Issue, 3 030005 (2021)