Atmospheric, Oceanic, Space, and Environmental Optics|5 Article(s)
Reconstitution of optical orbital angular momentum through strongly scattering media via feedback-based wavefront shaping method
Lanting Li, Yuanlin Zheng, Haigang Liu, and Xianfeng Chen
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Oct. 10, 2021
  • Vol. 19, Issue 10, 100101 (2021)
Stokes scintillations for vector beams in turbulence
Zhen Dong, Bo Yuan, Yonglei Liu, Fei Wang, Yangjian Cai, and Yahong Chen
We introduce the Stokes scintillation indices and the corresponding overall Stokes scintillations for quantitatively studying the fluctuations of both the intensity and polarization of an optical vector beam transmitting through the atmospheric turbulence. With the aid of the multiple-phase-screen method, we examine the Stokes fluctuations of a radially polarized beam in Kolmogorov turbulence numerically. The results show that the overall scintillation for the intensity distribution is always larger than the overall scintillation for the polarization-dependent Stokes parameters, which indicates that the polarization state of a vector beam is stabler than its intensity distribution in the turbulence. We interpret the results with the depolarization effect of the vector beam in turbulence. The findings in this work may be useful in free-space optical communications utilizing vector beams.
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Aug. 22, 2023
  • Vol. 21, Issue 10, 100101 (2023)
Inhibition of the aero-optical effects of supersonic mixing layers based on the RVGAs’ control
Zihao Xia, Haolin Ding, and Shihe Yi
The infrared imaging windows of the hyper/supersonic optical dome are encountering severe aero-optical effects (AOEs), so a flow control device, the ramp vortex generator array (RVGA) is proposed based on the ramp vortex generator to inhibit the supersonic mixing layers’ AOE, which is done by the nanotracer-based planar laser scattering technique and ray-tracing method. The experiments prove that under different pressure conditions, RVGA can reduce the mean and standard deviation of the root mean square of the optical path difference (OPDrms) and reduce the supersonic mixing layers’ thickness and mixture a great deal. The AOE of the pressure-matched mixing layer is the weakest. Higher RVGA results in better optical performance. RVGA has the potential to be applied to supersonic film cooling to reduce aero-optical aberrations.
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Mar. 09, 2023
  • Vol. 21, Issue 3, 030102 (2023)
Accurate measurement of aerosol optical properties using the multilongitudinal mode high-spectral-resolution lidar with self-tuning Mach–Zehnder interferometer
Fei Gao, Fengjia Gao, Xiao Yang, Gaipan Li, Fan Yang, Shichun Li, Li Wang, Dengxin Hua, and Samo Stanič
The multilongitudinal mode (MLM) high-spectral-resolution lidar (HSRL) based on the Mach–Zehnder interferometer (MZI) is constructed in Xi’an for accurate measurements of aerosol optical properties. The critical requirement of the optimal match between the free spectral range of MZI and the longitudinal mode interval of the MLM laser is influenced by the laboratory temperature, pressure, and vibration. To realize the optimal separation of aerosol Mie scattering signals and molecular Rayleigh scattering signals excited by the MLM laser, a self-tuning technique to dynamically adjust the optical path difference (OPD) of the MZI is proposed, which utilizes the maximum ratio between the received power of the Mie channel and Rayleigh channel as the criterion of the OPD displacement. The preliminary experiments show the feasibility of the MLM-HSRL with self-tuning MZI and the stable performance in the separation of aerosol Mie scattering signals and molecular Rayleigh scattering signals.
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Jan. 16, 2023
  • Vol. 21, Issue 3, 030101 (2023)
Target-independent dynamic wavefront sensing method based on distorted grating and deep learning
Xinlan Ge, Licheng Zhu, Zeyu Gao, Ning Wang, Wang Zhao, Hongwei Ye, Shuai Wang, and Ping Yang
A real-time wavefront sensing method for arbitrary targets is proposed, which provides an effective way for diversified wavefront sensing application scenarios. By using a distorted grating, the positive and negative defocus images are simultaneously acquired on a single detector. A fine feature, which is independent of the target itself but corresponding to the wavefront aberration, is defined. A lightweight and efficient network combined with an attention mechanism (AM-EffNet) is proposed to establish an accurate mapping between the features and the incident wavefronts. Comparison results show that the proposed method has superior performance compared to other methods and can achieve high-accuracy wavefront sensing in varied target scenes only by using the point target dataset to train the network well.
Chinese Optics Letters
  • Publication Date: Jun. 07, 2023
  • Vol. 21, Issue 6, 060101 (2023)