Volume: 48 Issue 12
29 Article(s)

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Fiber Optics and Optical Communications
On-Chip Integrated Multi-Dimensional Optical Interconnects and Optical Processing
Jian Wang, Xiaoping Cao, and Xinliang Zhang
Significance In the past half century, integrated circuits (ICs) supported by complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) technology have developed rapidly, which promotes the continuous progress of modern information technology. As the feature size of transistors continues to decrease, the semiconductor-manufacturi
  • Publication Date: Jun. 07, 2021
  • Vol. 48 Issue 12 1206001 (2021)
Technology for Integrating Space Object Multidimensional Detection and Laser Communication
Miao Xu, Haodong Shi, Chao Wang, Zhuang Liu, Qiang Fu, Yingchao Li, Keyan Dong, and Huilin Jiang
Significance Humans need to observe various targets, including space, air, ground, and sea targets. Space targets include satellites, space debris, ballistic missiles, and hypersonic vehicles. Air targets include aircraft, airships, and small craft. Ground and sea targets include surface ships and ground vehicles. The
  • Publication Date: Jun. 10, 2021
  • Vol. 48 Issue 12 1206002 (2021)
Holography and Information Processing
3D Imaging Using Geometric Light Field: A Review
Yongkai Yin, Kai Yu, Chunzhan Yu, Xuechun Bai, Zewei Cai, Xiangfeng Meng, and Xiulun Yang
Significance Light field imaging expands classical optical imaging and provides possibilities for advancement in imaging technology. It has continued to become a major research interest in the field of computational imaging. While, objects and scenes in nature are all three-dimensional (3D) entities, and traditional im
  • Publication Date: Jun. 07, 2021
  • Vol. 48 Issue 12 1209001 (2021)
Optimization of Quantization Value for Spatial Light Modulators Based on Parameter Space Traversal
Zehao He, Xiaomeng Sui, Liangcai Cao, and Guofan Jin
Objective Obtaining high-quality reconstruction is desirable in computer-generated holography. Continuous complex-amplitude computer-generated holograms (CGHs) can present the most enhanced reconstruction quality because accurate amplitude and phase values rather than approximate values are obtained. However, in a prac
  • Publication Date: Jun. 10, 2021
  • Vol. 48 Issue 12 1209002 (2021)
Laser Devices and Laser Physics
Physical Limitations of High-Power, High-Energy Lasers
Xiaomin Zhang, Dongxia Hu, Dangpeng Xu, Jing Wang, Xinbin Chen, Jun Liu, Wei Han, Min Li, and Mingzhong Li
Significance High-power lasers enable us to peer deeper into the outer frontiers of the physical world. Since the demonstration of the first pulsed laser in 1960, pushing the limits of accessible laser power has been one of the themes in optical engineering. In this article, we reviewed the progress in developing high-
  • Publication Date: Jun. 10, 2021
  • Vol. 48 Issue 12 1201002 (2021)
Development of High-Power Ultrafast Fiber Laser Technology
Yizhou Liu, Wenchao Qiao, Kong Gao, Rong Xu, Tianli Feng, Meng Zhang, Xun Li, Yangyang Liang, and Tao Li
Significance In 1960, after the invention of the first ruby laser, fast-developed solid-state, fiber, gas, and semiconductor lasers provided great support for the research and development of multiple applications, such as optical communication, industrial processing and manufacturing, military and national defense, and
  • Publication Date: Jun. 10, 2021
  • Vol. 48 Issue 12 1201003 (2021)
High Repetition-Rate Optical Parametric Chirped-Pulse Amplifiers
Jingcheng Shang, Yizhou Liu, Shengzhi Zhao, Tianli Feng, Kejian Yang, Wenchao Qiao, Yuantao Zhao, and Tao Li
Significance Optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier (OPCPA), which relies on the optical parametric process existing in nonlinear crystals to realize pulse amplification, can further enhance a yielded peak power by avoiding the gain narrowing and thermal effects that usually exist in a chirped-pulse amplifier. The
  • Publication Date: Jun. 07, 2021
  • Vol. 48 Issue 12 1201004 (2021)
Microstructure Lasers Based on Parity-Time Symmetry and Supersymmetry
Ting Fu, Yufei Wang, Xueyou Wang, Jingxuan Chen, Xuyan Zhou, and Wanhua Zheng
Significance Conventional semiconductor lasers typically use gratings, such as distributed feedback (DFB), distributed Bragg reflector (DBR), and slotted surface, to select longitudinal modes and microstructures to select lateral modes, such as narrow ridge, chirped waveguide array, and angled cavity. Even though these
  • Publication Date: Jun. 07, 2021
  • Vol. 48 Issue 12 1201005 (2021)
Liquid Crystal Random Laser: Principles and Research Progresses
Wenfeng Cai, Ye Li, Zongyuan Tang, Huilin He, Jiawei Wang, Dan Luo, and Yanjun Liu
Significance A random laser necessitates not a physical resonator, but multiple scattering of photons in an active random medium to bring optical feedback to reach the threshold. This unique principle signifies that random lasers have several characteristics to distinguish them from conventional lasers. Firstly, withou
  • Publication Date: May. 21, 2021
  • Vol. 48 Issue 12 1201006 (2021)
Development of Tabletop Femtosecond Vacuum Ultraviolet Laser Source Based on Four-Wave Mixing Techniques
Zijing Li, Lili Yan, Peng Zuo, Liangyue Xie, Zhiqiang Li, and Bing Jin
Significance Femtosecond laser technology plays an important role in the study of ultrafast dynamics of light-induced reactions. Many ultrafast spectroscopy techniques, such as transient absorption spectroscopy, ultrafast Raman spectroscopy, and ultrafast photoelectron spectroscopy/imaging, are widely used in scientifi
  • Publication Date: Jun. 10, 2021
  • Vol. 48 Issue 12 1201007 (2021)
Recent Trend of High Repetition Rate Ultrashort Laser Pulse Generation and Frequency Conversion
Jiaqi Zheng, Zhenhua Cong, Zhaojun Liu, Shang Wang, and Zhigang Zhao
Significance Ultrafast lasers with pulse durations on the orders of picosecond and femtosecond are widely used in various fields, such as supercontinuum generation, photoelectron microscopy, and material micromachining. The traditional high-power ultrafast lasers with repetition rates of kHz-MHz exhibit a large heat-af
  • Publication Date: Jun. 07, 2021
  • Vol. 48 Issue 12 1201008 (2021)
100 Hz High-Energy KTA Dual-Wavelength Optical Parametric Oscillator
Jun Meng, Zhenhua Cong, Zhigang Zhao, Shang Wang, Yunxuan Qi, Xingyu Zhang, and Zhaojun Liu
Objective Laser sources at 1.5 μm, providing high pulse energies and short pulse durations are used in various applications, such as electro-optical countermeasures and high precision ranging. Lasers at 3--5 μm are used as lighting sources for active remote sensing and gas detection, which show important potential appl
  • Publication Date: Jun. 07, 2021
  • Vol. 48 Issue 12 1201009 (2021)
A 976-nm Single-Frequency Laser Based on the Yb∶YAG Crystal-Derived Fiber
Yongyao Xie, Zhenhua Cong, Zhigang Zhao, Xingyu Zhang, Xian Zhao, Xianbin Shao, Wei Zhao, and Zhaojun Liu
Objective Single-frequency fiber lasers (SFFLs) are widely used in areas of coherent beam combination, gravitational wave detection, lidar, and nonlinear frequency conversion because of their excellent performance. In particular, SFFLs operating at 976 nm are highly demanded for nonlinear wavelength conversion to gener
  • Publication Date: Jun. 07, 2021
  • Vol. 48 Issue 12 1201010 (2021)
Materials and Thin Films
Advancement in Preparation and Nonlinear Optical Properties of Zeolitic Imidazolate Frameworks
Hongwei Chu, Shengzhi Zhao, Kejian Yang, and Dechun Li
Significance Nonlinear optical materials have become increasingly essential to various fields, such as optoelectronics, communication, and information processing. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop new and excellent nonlinear optical materials. Compared with traditional inorganic nonlinear optical materials,
  • Publication Date: Jun. 07, 2021
  • Vol. 48 Issue 12 1203001 (2021)
Ellipsometry Study on Optical Properties of Two-Dimensional Platinum Selenide Film
Mingyang Wei, Jie Lian, Qingfen Jiang, Yu Zhang, Chenlin Wang, Yueming Wang, and Zhen Xu
Objective Recently, two-dimensional materials, particularly transition metal sulfides, have attracted broad attention in the field of optoelectronics because of their unique properties. Platinum diselenide (PtSe2) is a new type of transition metal sulfide material with unique features, such as adjustable bandgap and hi
  • Publication Date: Jun. 10, 2021
  • Vol. 48 Issue 12 1203002 (2021)
Measurement and Metrology
Influence of Scale Effect of Photodetector on Visibility Measurement Uncertainty
Shaorong Xiao, Bohan Liu, Liufeng Shi, and Biao Huang
Objective Visibility measurement is not only used for weather forecasting but also widely used in aviation, voyage, highway, military, and environmental monitoring. In the visibility observation, the instrument measurement replaces manual observation. Currently, the mature visibility measuring instruments have transmis
  • Publication Date: Jun. 10, 2021
  • Vol. 48 Issue 12 1204001 (2021)
Nonlinear Optics
Advances in Three-Dimensional Quasi-Phase Matching
Jinheng Du, Wei Song, and Huaijin Zhang
Significance The quasi-phase matching theory proposed by Bloembergen provides an effective method for phase mismatch compensation and conversion efficiency improvement in the process of nonlinear optical interaction. In order to fulfil the quasi-phase matching conditions, nonlinear photonic crystals, domain modulated L
  • Publication Date: Jun. 10, 2021
  • Vol. 48 Issue 12 1208001 (2021)
Recent Progress on Fabrication, Characterization and Nonlinear Optical Properties of Bismuth-Based Nanomaterials
Hongwei Chu, and Dechun Li
Significance Since the discovery of graphene in 2004, new monoelement based two-dimensional opto-electronic nanomaterials have received a great attention owing to the novel and excellent optoelectronic, electronic and mechanical features. Especially in recent years, it has stimulated the researchers to investigate the
  • Publication Date: May. 20, 2021
  • Vol. 48 Issue 12 1208002 (2021)
Thermal Transport Behavior of Quaternary Nonlinear Optical Crystal Li2BaSnS4: First Principle Investigation
Guojun Liang, Yanlu Li, Lei Wei, Xiufeng Cheng, and Xian Zhao
Objective Infrared (3--5 μm) lasers have various applications in the military and civilian areas. Nonlinear optical crystals are important in the field of infrared technology for implementing frequency conversion of the infrared laser. Recently, the synthetic and optical performance of quaternary lithium-sulfur compoun
  • Publication Date: Jun. 07, 2021
  • Vol. 48 Issue 12 1208003 (2021)
Quantum Optics
Temporal Ghost Imaging and Its Application
Baoqing Sun, and Yupeng Wang
Significance With the advancement of information technology, humans have entered the mobile Internet age. Moreover, surging communication services have resulted in an exponential growth of the capacity and rate of communication systems, spurring the research and development of an ultrahigh-speed and ultralarge-capacity
  • Publication Date: Jun. 10, 2021
  • Vol. 48 Issue 12 1212001 (2021)
Integrated InGaAsP Near-Infrared Single-Photon Detector with Fast Active Quenching
Junliang Liu, Yining Xu, Yakui Dong, Yongfu Li, Zhaojun Liu, and Xian Zhao
Objective Compared with single-photon detectors (SPDs) based on superconducting nanowires or photon up-conversion, SPDs based on InGaAs(P)/InP single-photon avalanche diodes (SPADs) have shown advantages such as small size, low power consumption, and low cost. Therefore, they have been widely used in the fields of lida
  • Publication Date: May. 20, 2021
  • Vol. 48 Issue 12 1212002 (2021)
Coherence Evolution in Quantum Thermodynamics
Feng Ding, Yuqiang Ding, Sen Han, and Xueyuan Hu
Objective Quantum thermodynamics is an emerging field that extends the results of classical thermodynamics to the quantum world. The main research topic is based on the axioms of quantum mechanics, and reinterprets the three laws of thermodynamics from the microscopic perspective, with the help of new tools originated
  • Publication Date: Jun. 07, 2021
  • Vol. 48 Issue 12 1212003 (2021)
Remote Sensing and Sensor
Research and Application Progresses of Near-Infrared Spectral Sensing Internet of Things
Xuquan Wang, Lili Wang, and Jiaxiong Fang
Significance A variety of sensing applications in the Internet of Things (IoT) raise the diverse needs for sensors. The sensing ability of material composition is a weak part of the sensing layer of the IoT. Due to the technical limitations, traditional analysis methods, such as mass spectrometry and chromatography, ca
  • Publication Date: May. 20, 2021
  • Vol. 48 Issue 12 1210001 (2021)
Research on Wide-Range and High-Resolution Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing Imaging Technology
Fansheng Chen, Zhuoyue Hu, Xiaoyan Li, Lin Yang, Xingjian Hu, and Yong Zhang
Objective High-temporal and high-resolution thermal infrared remote sensing images are important resources for researches of fine characterization of human traces, inversion of Earth surface features, resource exploration, and marine ecological monitoring. At present, different thermal infrared payloads (TIRPs) have be
  • Publication Date: Jun. 07, 2021
  • Vol. 48 Issue 12 1210002 (2021)
[in Chinese]
Zhaojun Liu, Dechun Li, and Xian Zhao
  • Publication Date: Aug. 03, 2021
  • Vol. 48 Issue 12 1200000 (2021)
[in Chinese]
Qingpu Wang
  • Publication Date: Jun. 10, 2021
  • Vol. 48 Issue 12 1200001 (2021)
Terahertz Technology
Theoretical Analysis of Terahertz-Wave Frequency Up-Conversion Detection Based on Coexisting Difference- and Sum-Frequency Generation
Xiaoqin Yin, Shuzhen Fan, Yongfu Li, Xingyu Zhang, Zhaojun Liu, Xian Zhao, and Jiaxiong Fang
Objective Terahertz technology is developing rapidly and is widely used in various basic scientific research and application fields such as biology, industrial nondestructive evaluation, environment monitoring, and security. Among the various applications, high-sensitivity detection of terahertz waves has attracted con
  • Publication Date: Jun. 07, 2021
  • Vol. 48 Issue 12 1214001 (2021)
Reflection-Type Electromagnetically Induced Transparency Effect in Terahertz Metasurfaces
Qinyi Hua, Xinhao Chen, Junpeng Lü, and Hongwei Liu
Objective Electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) effect is a quantum interference phenomenon, which can improve the dispersion properties and suppress the absorption of materials. However, it is difficult to realize EIT by using traditional methods because of ultralow temperature and ultrahigh laser power. Rece
  • Publication Date: Jun. 07, 2021
  • Vol. 48 Issue 12 1214002 (2021)