1Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, China
2University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
3Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Shanghai Advanced Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201204, China
In a single nanoscale device, surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) have potential to match the different length scales associated with photonics and electronics. In this Letter, we propose an accurate design of a plasmonic metasurface Luneburg lens (PMLL) accommodating SPPs. The simulations indicate that the full width at half-maximum is 0.42 μm, and the focus efficiency is 78%. The characters of a PMLL have robustness to manufacturing errors. The PMLL is applied in a 10 μm long compact coupler model, which couples the SPPs to the 40 nm wide output waveguide. The couple efficiency is higher than that of a conventional taper coupler in a broad bandwidth. The design is compatible with standard lithography technology.